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Ökologischer Betrieb
Ökologischer Betrieb
Institute of

BW Farm Economics

New Technologies / Innovations

From a historical perspective, agriculture has always been driven by technological progress. During the 1950s, one farmer could feed only about ten people – today it’s more than 130. Technological progress in breeding, plant protection and agricultural technology made this boost in productivity possible. But today’s agricultural production systems are facing challenges: Examples are increasing resistances in crop farming, low lifetime production in dairy farming or the lack of qualified workers.

For this reason, we analyse and evaluate how new technologies help to succeed in dealing with these challenges. For this purpose, we address the following questions:

  1. How do innovations affect the competitiveness of farms?
  2. How do agricultural production processes and structures change with the use of new technologies?
  3. Which are the critical success factors for dissemination of the innovations?
  4. What can politics do to support the dissemination of new and environmentally friendly technologies?
  5. What can politics do to avoid or limit negative consequences of the use of new technologies?

The current focus of our work in this field are analyses regarding potentials and consequences of self-propelled machines / robots and “precision farming” in arable farming. Furthermore, we currently examine the economic impact of current innovations in horticulture.

For our analyses we cooperate with different institutes as the Julius-Kühn Institute or the TU-Braunschweig.

Projects of New Technologies / Innovations

Are new technologies for cauliflower and broccoli production going to prevail?

In research, future-oriented, technological approaches are being pursued to increase the security of horticultural production systems and products. We ask whether such technologies will actually be implemented into the horticultural production systems.

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Are new technologies for cauliflower and broccoli production going to prevail?

Copernicus lights green

Land consumption and intensification of use exert high pressure on grassland areas. Recording and assessing the condition and distribution of protected grassland and grassland worthy of protection requires a great deal of effort. In the future, satellite data should support official monitoring with area-wide services.

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Copernicus lights green

Ecological and Socioeconomic Functions of Tropical Lowland Rainforest Transformation Systems

The transformation of tropical rainforest to rubber and oil palm plantations has extensive impact on nature and living conditions. Remote sensing helps us to understand the spatial-temporal patterns and drivers of those processes.

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Ecological and Socioeconomic Functions of Tropical Lowland Rainforest Transformation Systems

HortiCo 4.0

Digitalisation will have a major impact on horticultural production systems and horticultural value chains and will change the sector. Therefore, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture has established the horticulture 4.0 funding priority in order to advance the development of digital solutions for the sector.

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HortiCo 4.0

Housing and husbandry systems of the future

None of today's widespread systems in use are convincing in all parameters. There are major differences between the systems in terms of animal welfare, re-source efficiency, production costs and profitability. Digitalisation can help to improve existing processes or to develop completely new systems. The project "Stable and housing systems of the future" is an in-house project for the development of innovative, automated and sustainable stable systems in livestock farming.

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Housing and husbandry systems of the future

InnoChick - Innovative housing systems for the free-range management of laying hens

InnoChick is an in-house project to develop an innovative, automated and sustainable housing system for free-range laying hens.

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InnoChick -  Innovative housing systems for the free-range management of laying hens

Monitoring biological diversity in agricultural landscapes with remote sensing

A long-term monitoring of biological diversity at national level requires a representative data basis about the state and development of agricultural landscape. To achieve this, the project MonViFE develops spatially explicit indicators of landscape structure and land-use intensity.

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Monitoring biological diversity in agricultural landscapes with remote sensing

Monitoring of climate-impacting measures in crop and grassland management with satellite data

With 66.4 million tons of CO2 equivalents, agriculture was responsible for 9 % of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany in 2020. Adaptations in farm management can reduce these emissions. Area-wide data on such adaptation measures will be derived from high-resolution satellite data.

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Monitoring of climate-impacting measures in crop and grassland management with satellite data

Photovoltaic systems on agricultural land

In order to implement the energy transition, more electricity from renewable energies is needed. Photovoltaic systems on agricultural areas are becoming more and more important in this respect. In order to produce food and electricity on the same area, we are investigating new photovoltaic concepts.

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Photovoltaic systems on agricultural land

Possibilities for reducing the use of pesticides in arable farming

Common crop protection strategies in arable farming are increasingly losing their effect as resistance to grass, insects and fungi spreads in many intensive arable areas. This leads to rising costs and changes in production systems. At the same time, the benefits and dangers of plant protection are critically discussed in society. Alternatives to chemical crop protection such as mechanical weeding are already available but are usually associated with higher costs. Against this background, the project aims to find out how the use of pesticides can be reduced as efficiently as possible.

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Possibilities for reducing the use of pesticides in arable farming

PPILOW

Organic and outdoor low-input pig and poultry farming systems have spread considerably in the EU during the last decade due to ethical and socio-economic considerations. Nevertheless, there are still several challenging questions unsolved concerning such systems, especially in relation to animal health and mortality problems. Consumers and practitioners of these production systems particularly disapprove of damage to animal integrity (i.e. beak trimming, piglet castration) and of the killing of one-day old male layer chicks. These practices question the ethics and the sustainability of these ...

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PPILOW

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