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Institute of

MA Market Analysis

Analysis of the Agricultural and Food Sector

How do agricultural markets function? How competitive is our agri-food economy in global competition? How can policies effectively influence agricultural markets? We analyze these issues in the work area "Analysis of the agricultural and food sector", in order to be able to provide purposeful advice to policymakers, economic actors and civil society.

The scope of our analyses ranges from the regional to the global level and comprise the markets for livestock and meat, milk and dairy products, as well as crops, oilseeds, sugar and renewable resources along the whole value chain.

Continuous observation of agri-food markets, effective processing of existing data and surveys of market participants form the basis of our expertise. Our toolbox includes time series analyses, forecast models, and regressions, amongst others. The obtained information enables us for instance to assess costs, prices and competitiveness in different markets. In this way, we can provide statements on the current market situation as well as on future developments.

Projects "Analysis of the Agricultural and Food Sector"

Ongoing projects

Accompanying research on the organization of deforestation-free supply chains
 (©  ThKatz – Fotolia)
Agriculture's share of consumer spending on selected food products
 (©  )
Analysis of livestock census for Germany
 (©  aid infodienst e.V. / P. Meyer)
Baseline with market models
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Marktanalyse)
Bio-economy Monitoring
 (©  Thünen-Institut/AT)
Brightspace
 (©  WeCR, Project Leader)
Capacity Building towards Food Security
Partners of the AGMEMOD Consortium (©  Michael Welling/Thünen-Institut)
Changing agricultural policies - impact on markets
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Marktanalyse)
Dairy markets - quo vadis?
 (©  )
Efficient reduction of food waste in wholesale and retail trade
Shopping Trolley in Supermarket (©  khwaneigq - stock.adobe.com)
Fairtrade 2.0
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Aida González)
Fewer Soy Imports to Germany?
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Mareike Zech)
Food losses at the producer-retailer interface - causes and options for action
Carrots in the field (©  Eberhard Spaeth/Stock.Adobe.com)
How prices are determined?
 (©  BLE Bonn / Thomas Stephan)
Long-term analysis of international meat markets
 (©  Josef Efken)
Long-term analysis of sugar markets
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Tania Runge)
Markets for grain and oilseeds
 (©  Verena Wolf)
Our market models - established and new combined
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Marktanalyse)
Perspectives of German animal welfare meat on export markets
 (©  Thünen-Institut / Christina Waitkus , BLE, Bonn/Foto: Dominic Menzler)
Pricing in dairy markets: who dictates and who reacts?
 (©  BLE, Bonn / Thomas Stephan)
Projections for agricultural markets on EU member state level with AGMEMOD
 (©  Verena Laquai)
Quality requirements and food loss in fruit and vegetables
 (©  Felicitas Schneider)
Trends of dairy markets - reaching new shores
 (©  milchtrends.de)
What food waste is generated in German households?
 (©  asiandelight - stock.adobe.com)

Finished projects

Do free trade agreements encourage agricultural production in Eastern Europe?

Possible changes in tariff and trade policies of the EU with its eastern neighbors as well as trade between these countries change trade flows. How does this influence the agricultural sector?

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Do free trade agreements encourage agricultural production in Eastern Europe?

Efficient reduction of food waste in primary production

The food value chain starts with primary production. In 2015, 1.36 million tons of food waste were generated there in Germany, only at this level. We want to support the primary production to reduce their food waste.

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Efficient reduction of food waste in primary production

Efficient reduction of food waste in the processing sector

The food value chain starts with primary production. In 2015, 1.36 million tons of food waste were generated there in Germany, only at this level. We want to support the primary production to reduce their food waste.

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Efficient reduction of food waste in the processing sector

Evaluation of support of food industries

Evaluation of usage, results and impacts of the measure according to the guidlines under COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1698/2005 of 20 September 2005 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) of the EU Commission respectively. (Official Journal of the European Union L 277, 21 October 2005, pp. 1-40.)

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Evaluation of support of food industries

Focus on School Milk

Less and less pupils consume school milk - although school milk products are subsidized. Is the image of milk deterrent? Do not people know about its importance to health or do they disagree? Or is school milk still too expensive? The project "Focus on School Milk" analyses school milk along the supply chain, from the dairy industry to the pupil. The Thünen-Institut of Market Analysis explores, in cooperation with the Max Rubner-Institut reason for the decline in demand and provides advice to improve te system.

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Focus on School Milk

How much food labelling is necessary?

Based on current EU regulations there is no requirement for labeling food produced from animals which are fed with genetically modified feed. The government plans to expand the existing labeling requirements to these food group.

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How much food labelling is necessary?

Is the Commodity Future Market suitable for Hedging the Price Risk in Dairy Markets?

Volatile dairy prices and recurring market cirsis are a new important challenge for the sector. Up-to-date market signals could help in early understanding of future market developments.

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Is the Commodity Future Market suitable for Hedging the Price Risk in Dairy Markets?

Pathways to reduce food waste (REFOWAS)

The production and consumption of food has an impact on the environment. In this context we question the importance of food waste. To analyse this, we quantify the agricultural and food sectors along the entire value creation chain. Food waste can often be avoided with relative ease. In different case studies we study the main points and reasons for the creation of waste and study different way to reduce them.

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Pathways to reduce food waste (REFOWAS)

Reduce food waste in commercial kitchens (ELoFoS)

Primary production, processing, transport, storage and preparation of food affect the environment. Less food waste can reduce environmental load. We analyse prevention strategies.

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Reduce food waste in commercial kitchens (ELoFoS)

Regional marketing of milk

Is regional marketing a suitable instrument for milk producers to become independent of volatile milk prices? We investigate the success factors of regional marketing of milk and dairy products.

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Regional marketing of milk

Report module Agriculture and Environment in the Total Environmental Economic Accounts

The total environmental economic account (UGR) of the Federal Statistics Office (Destatis) is a calculation on the basis of various statistics. It shows the interaction between business and nature. The goal of our project is to calculate the resource requirements for agricultural production, for example, energy use and pollution and CO2 emissions can be calculated, both for all of German agriculture as well as for each production unit, thus, for example, the ´product carbon footprint´ (Greenhouse gas footprint of products) in kg CO2 emissions per kg product.

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Report module Agriculture and Environment in the Total Environmental Economic Accounts

The European sugar market in transition. What happens when sugar quotas end in 2017?

The European sugar sector faces a difficult time in the coming years. From 1 October 2017, sugar beet growers and the sugar industry will lose their long-term planning security regarding production quantities and prices. How will the market react to these changing conditions? And who will be the winners and losers of the resulting market reactions?

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The European sugar market in transition. What happens when sugar quotas end in 2017?

The use of Biomass in Germany

Biomass can be used for the production of food and feed, bioenergy and for material use. The decision how biomass is finally used, depends substantially on (inter) national economic and political conditions. Currently the political support of bioenergy production and the resulting competition with alternative uses of biomass are in the focus of public discussions in Germany. The positions in this issue are manifold and complex. Depending on the political or economic perspective, they include, climate and environmental protection aspects, efficiency criteria of the different lines of energy, ...

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The use of Biomass in Germany

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