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Institute of

OF Organic Farming

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Project

Delicious chips and French fries made from organic potatoes


Lead Institute OL Institute of Organic Farming

Optimizing of the organic potato production for french fries and chips

For years consumers in Germany have been consuming more and more processed potato products, such as chips or potato crisps, than fresh potatoes. But the predominant proportion of organically produced potatoes is marketed as table potatoes, so that the proportion of processed organic potato products has up to now been low. Reasons for this are the high, specific required quality demands for potato processing and a low consumer demand for table potatoes.

Background and Objective

In Germany, the acreage of organically cultivated potatoes has been about 8,000 ha for many years. So far, only a small proportion of organic potatoes is processed into chips or potato crisps. Specific varieties have to be cultivated if chips and potato crisps are to be processed. These differ significantly from the required quality criteria for those potatoes for human consumption. This is applicable to both, external (e.g., grading size) and internal quality criteria (starch content, reducing sugar content, etc.), as well as for the suitability for storage. Only through targeted, purposeful and production adapted to the specific conditions of Organic Farming can the high demands of the processing sector be fulfilled.

The aim of the project was to work out strategies for the production of high-quality processing potatoes under the conditions of Organic Farming. Therefore the focus was set on the effects of agronomic measures (choice of varieties, preceding crops, irrigation, and organic fertilisation).

Publications

  1. 0

    Dresow JF, Krause T, Haase NU, Loges R, Heß J, Böhm H (2013) Effect of different defoliation systems of ryegrass–clover on yield and selected quality parameters of organic potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) for industrial processing at harvest and after storage. Potato Res 56(3):179-204, doi:10.1007/s11540-013-9239-8

  2. 1

    Dresow JF (2013) Optimization of organic potato production : influence of agronomical measures on yiels and quality of table potatoes and processing potatoes. Kassel: Univ Kassel, 157 p p, Kassel, Univ, Diss, 2013

  3. 2

    Böhm H, Krause T, Haase T, Haase NU, Loges R, Heß J (2006) Agronomic strategies for the organic cultivation of potatoes for processing into high quality French fries and potato crisps. In: Haase NU, Haverkort AJ (eds) Potato developments in a changing Europe. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publ, pp 86-97

  4. 3

    Krause T, Haase T, Böhm H, Heß J, Loges R, Haase NU (2006) Pflanzenbauliche Strategien für die ökologische Erzeugung von Verarbeitungskartoffeln : Teil 4 ; Sortenwahl und Standort. Kartoffelbau 57(5):208-214

  5. 4

    Krause T, Böhm H, Loges R, Taube F, Haase NU (2005) Auswirkungen der Beregnung von Kartoffeln in Abhängigkeit der Stallmistdüngung auf den Ertrag, die Qualität sowie die Verarbeitungseignung zu Pommes frites und Chips. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 17:118-119

  6. 5

    Krause T, Böhm H, Loges R, Taube F, Haase NU (2005) Einfluss unterschiedlicher Kleegrasnutzungssysteme auf Ertrag, Sortierung und Qualität ökologisch erzeugter Verarbeitungskartoffeln. In: Heß J, Rahmann G (eds) Beiträge zur 8. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau "Ende der Nische" : Kassel, 1.-4. März 2005. Kassel: Kassel University Press, pp 43-46

  7. 6

    Krause T, Haase T, Böhm H, Heß J, Loges R, Haase NU (2005) Influence of variety and site on yield structure and quality of potatoes for processing to chips in organic farming. In: Ritter F, Carrascal A (eds) Abstracts of papers and posters : 2 Poster presentation of the 16th triennial conference of the EAPR, European Association for Potato Research EAPR-2005, July 17 to 22, 2005, Bilbao, Spain. Vitoria-Gasteiz: Eusko Jaurlatritzaren Argitalpen Zerbitzu Nagusia, pp 676-678

  8. 7

    Krause T, Böhm H, Loges R, Taube F, Haase NU (2005) Production of potato crisps and chips in organic farming: effect of sprinkler irrigation, manure and preceding crop management of clover grass on yield and quality. In: Ritter F, Carrascal A (eds) Abstracts of papers and posters : 1 Programme and oral presentations of the 16th triennial conference of the EAPR, European Association for Potato Research EAPR-2005, July 17 to 22, 2005, Bilbao, Spain. Vitoria-Gasteiz: Eusko Jaurlatritzaren Argitalpen Zerbitzu Nagusia, pp 420-424

  9. 8

    Böhm H, Haase T, Putz B (2002) Verarbeitungseignung und Ertrag von Kartoffeln aus ökologischem Landbau. Kartoffelbau 53(8):323-329

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