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[Translate to English:]
Institute of

OF Organic Farming


Optimization of intercropping for biomass production

[Translate to English:] Andenlupine mit Mais im Gemengeanbau
© Thünen-Institut/Herwart Böhm
[Translate to English:] Andean lupin with maize in intercropping

Breeding methodically optimized intercropping of Andean lupin and maize as well as white lupin and oat with the aim of biomass production using ecosystem services of lupins

Intercropping contributes to the biodiversification of cropping systems and often increases yield, as plants with different resource requirements are combined.We develop new intercropping systems for the Andean lupins with maize as well as for white lupins and oats for biomass production.

Background and Objective

The integration of lupins with high biomass potential into new cultivation systems will enable the development of ecosystem services of leguminous crops for energy crop cultivation in the planned project.


The system of intercropping maize with Andean lupins (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet.) is to be based on the hybrid breeding methodology of the optimized combination of partners, that have been tested for their suitability for combination with the respective complementary partner species. This will result in a more sustainable biomass production and an increase in the crop species diversity in this area. Exemplary, this system will also be tested for the combination of oats (Avena byzantina resp. A. sativa) with white lupin (Lupinus albus L.).

The Institute for Breeding Research on Agricultural Crops (JKI-ZL, coordination) and the Institute for Crop and Soil Science (JKI-PB) of the Julius Kühn Institute, the Thünen Institute of Organic Farming (TI-OL), the Institute for Animal Science and Technology of the University of Rostock and the Agricultural Institute (LLA) in Triesdorf are involved in this joint research project includes.


Involved external Thünen-Partners

Funding Body

  • Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR)
    (national, öffentlich)


3.2019 - 3.2023

More Information

Project funding number: 22016418
Funding program: FNR
Project status: ongoing


  1. 0

    Roux S, Höppner F, Böhm H, Holzgreve H, Wiedow D (2022) Andenlupine und Mais im Gemenge : Alternative für die Energiepflanzenproduktion. Landwirtsch Ohne Pflug(6):30-35

  2. 1

    Roux S, Höppner F, Holzgreve H, Wiedow D, Böhm H (2021) Andenlupine und Mais - gezielt kombiniert, im Gemenge ein starkes Team. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 32:20-21

  3. 2

    Holzgreve H, Böhm H (2021) Intercropping maize with Andean lupin: A view to the roots. Asp Appl Biol 146:157-164

  4. 3

    Holzgreve H, Cordes I, Roux S, Böhm H (2021) Mit Weißer Lupine und Hafer aufs Ganze - Optimierung der Saatstärkenverhältnisse im Gemenge für GPS oder Biogas im ökologischen Landbau. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 32:74-75

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