Skip to main content
[Translate to English:]
[Translate to English:]
Institute of

AK Climate-Smart Agriculture

Emission inventories

Scientific accounting for climate change mitigation and air pollution control

Germany is signatory party of international agreements on climate change (e.g., United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; Kyoto Protocol; EU decisions) and air pollution control (e.g., Geneva Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution). Reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants is a declared goal of the German government. This includes the sectors agriculture, forestry and other land uses. The most important greenhouse gases from these sectors are carbon dioxide, (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4); the most important air pollutants are ammonia (NH3), nitric oxides (NOx), volatile organic carbon compounds (NMVOC) and particles.

Policy must know the national emission situation for international agreements and emission reduction measures. Therefore we annually calculate national emission inventories, which constitute a scientific stock-taking of the emission situation. They quantify sources and sinks of greenhouse gases and air pollutants in agriculture and all types of land uses. Key emission sources and critical hotspot regions are identified and underlying processes are analysed. Emission inventories document the time series of emissions. On the one hand, they allow controlling how effective reduction measures of greenhouse gases and air pollutants are.  On the other hand, they serve as control of agreed emission reduction targets. As members of international panels (e.g., the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) we contribute to improvements in guidelines and norms for national and international emission inventories.

Facts & Figures

In 2019, German agriculture was responsible for the emission of about 61.8 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents. This corresponds to 7.6 % of Germany’s overall emissions. Agriculture is with 558 thousand tons the main source of ammonia emissions in Germany.

Facts & Figures


Calculations of gaseous and particulate emissions from German agriculture 1990 – 2020

Report on methods and data (RMD) Submission 2022

Cora Vos, Claus Rösemann, Hans-Dieter Haenel, Ulrich Dämmgen, Ulrike Döring, Sebastian Wulf, Brigitte Eurich-Menden, Annette Freibauer, Helmut Döhler, Carsten Schreiner, Bernhard Osterburg, Roland Fuß


Download PDF-File

Download Input Data and Emission Results (OpenAgrar)

Scroll to top