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Impact of meat and dairy exports on developing countries (IMMPEX)

Involved Institutes BW Institute of Farm Economics

Äthiopien Geflügelverkäufer
© Michael Welling

Impact of meat and dairy exports on developing countries (IMMPEX)

German exports of livestock products to Africa are frequently criticized. We analyze how these exports actually affect domestic poultry and milk production using Ghana and Senegal as examples.

Background and Objective

The aim of the research project is to investigate the effects of German and European exports on the agricultural sectors in two African countries that import large quantities of poultry and dairy products. Measures will be identified and analyzed to avoid or reduce possible undesired effects of exports. The following questions arise for our analysis: What exactly is exported? How much is exported? What are the effects on local production? How competitive is local poultry and milk production? What measures can be taken to avoid possible negative effects of German or European exports?

From Germany, mainly poultry meat, milk and dairy products are exported to Africa. Therefore, the focus of the planned research will be on the trade with these products.

Based on our preliminary work in the PrimeA project on the demand for imported poultry meat in Ghana, we will consider additional aspects in this project. We are therefore extending our consumer analyses in Ghana to dairy products and are also conducting consumer surveys on poultry and dairy products in Senegal. In addition, the production side and the value chains are taken into account. Using the global network agri benchmark, we collect data on typical farms and analyze them in an international context. Based on these results, we identify possible measures and related policies to avoid or reduce possible undesired effects of German or European exports.


In this project we investigate the above-mentioned issues in the areas of politics, production technology, value chains and consumer preferences. Therefore, the project consists of five work packages:

  1. In the first work package we investigate the trade flows of poultry meat and milk from Germany to the project countries Ghana and Senegal. For this purpose we prepare the necessary data and analyze them with regard to the developments of production and demand. In addition, the existing agricultural and trade policies in Ghana and Senegal are presented.
  2. In this work package we collect data sets of typical production systems and farms for the production of poultry meat and milk in Ghana and Senegal. This includes physical and economic performance, profitability and competitiveness in the international context. The methods and tools of the global network agri benchmark are made available for this analysis.
  3. In this work package we analyze local value chains in Ghana and Senegal. The main focus is on organization and infrastructure as well as marketing channels and value generation of local and imported products. Since there is hardly any information on this subject to date, we collect the necessary information through qualitative surveys on site.
  4. Consumers in Ghana and Senegal are decisive for the import of poultry meat and dairy products - especially their attitudes and preferences with regard to domestic and imported meat and dairy products. The data relevant for the project will be collected using quantitative methods.
  5. The institutional framework in Germany, Ghana and Senegal is of fundamental importance for trade and the resulting market effects. Therefore, we compare the different policy measures of the respective countries and subject them to an impact analysis. Here we examine the question of which measures are necessary to avoid or mitigate possible undesired effects of exports.

Our Research Questions

  • What is the extent and significance of imports of farm animal products in Africa?
  • What is the situation and perspectives of production in selected African countries in the international context?
  • How are the value chains organized in the African investigation countries, and how are product flows of domestic and imported products structured?
  • What knowledge, attitudes, expectations and preferences do consumers in African investigation countries have with regard to domestic and imported products?
  • Which trade and agricultural policy measures already exist? Which impact would different policy changes have on markets and actors?

Preliminary Results

First results expected 2020/2021.

Links and Downloads


  1. 0

    Boimah M, Weible D, Chibanda C, Schott J (2022) "Value creation pays": a business model canvas approach to improve post-production activities in Senegal’s broiler industry [online]. Proc System Dynamics Innov Food Netw 2022:120-131, zu finden in <> [zitiert am 04.07.2022], DOI:10.18461/pfsd.2022.2209

  2. 1

    Chibanda C, Almadani I, Thobe P, Wieck C (2022) Broiler production systems in Ghana: economics and the impact of frozen chicken imports. Int Food Agribus Manag Rev 25(4):619-634, DOI:10.22434/IFAMR2021.0142

  3. 2

    Boimah M, Chibanda C, Schott J, Awuni S (2022) Doing it right to alleviate poverty: application of the sustainable food value chain development framework to Ghana’s poultry sector. Int J Agric Sustain 20(7):1454-1469, DOI:10.1080/14735903.2022.2152605

  4. 3

    Zamani O, Pelikan J, Schott J (2022) Export von Geflügel- und Milchprodukten nach Westafrika: Eine Analyse von Handelsdaten. Braunschweig: Thünen-Institut für Marktanalyse, 2 p, Project Brief Thünen Inst 2022/12, DOI:10.3220/PB1648626374000

  5. 4

    Zamani O, Pelikan J, Schott J (2022) Exports of poultry and dairy products to West Africa: An analysis based on trade data. Braunschweig: Thünen Institute of Market Analysis, 2 p, Project Brief Thünen Inst 2022/12a, DOI:10.3220/PB1648626664000

  6. 5

    Zamani O, Chibanda C, Pelikan J (2022) Impacts of import restrictions on poultry producers in Ghana. Q Open 2(1):qoac007, DOI:10.1093/qopen/qoac007

  7. 6

    Boimah M, Weible D (2021) "We prefer local but consume imported": Results from a qualitative study of dairy consumers in Senegal. J Int Food Agribusiness Market:in Press, DOI:10.1080/08974438.2021.1986453

  8. 7

    Boimah M, Weible D (2021) Assessing protectionism and its impact from consumers' perspective: The case of Senegal's poultry import ban. World Food Pol 7(1):26-40, DOI:10.1002/wfp2.12025

  9. 8

    Zamani O, Pelikan J, Schott J (2021) EU exports of livestock products to West Africa: An analysis of dairy and poultry trade data. Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 35 p, Thünen Working Paper 162, DOI:10.3220/WP1610006088000

  10. 9

    Zamani O, Chibanda C, Pelikan J (2021) Investigating alternative poultry trade policies in the context of African Countries: evidence from Ghana. In: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) : 2021 Conference, August 17-31, 2021, Virtual. IAAE, DOI:10.22004/ag.econ.315173

  11. 10

    Boimah M, Weible D, Weber SA (2021) Milking challenges while drinking foreign milk: the case of Ghana’s dairy sector. Int J Food Syst Dynam:14-25, DOI:10.18461/pfsd.2021.2003

  12. 11

    Zamani O, Chibanda C, Pelikan J (2021) Tariff escalation and import bans in the economic partnership agreement between the EU and West Africa. In: 24th Annual conference on global economic analysis : "Global food system: opportunities and challenges" ; Colorado State University, Virtual Conference, June 23-25, 2021.

  13. 12

    Zamani O, Chibanda C, Pelikan J (2021) To ban or not to ban? Implications of the recent ban on poultry imports by Ghana : Konferenzpapier anlässlich der 61. Jahrestagung der GEWISOLA (Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues e.V.) „Transformationsprozesse im Agrar- und Ernährungssystem: Herausforderungen für die Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften", 22. bis 24. September 2021. GEWISOLA

  14. 13

    Asante-Addo C, Weible D (2020) "Everybody likes chicken" - a focus group study of consumers in Ghana. Schr Gesellsch Wirtsch Sozialwiss Landbaues 55:241-251

  15. 14

    Asante-Addo C, Weible D, Pelikan J (2020) Consumers' preferences and demand for poultry meat in Ghana. Braunschweig: Thünen Institute of Market Analysis, 2 p, Project Brief Thünen Inst 2020/16a, DOI:10.3220/PB1592221161000

  16. 15

    Pelikan J, Deblitz C, Boimah M, Chibanda C, Schickramm L, Schott J, Weible D, Weber SA, Zamani O (2020) IMMPEX: Impact of Meat and Milk Product Exports on Developing Countries, Poster präsentiert auf dem GFFA, Berlin, 16.01.2020 bis 18.01.2020. Braunschweig: Thünen-Institut für Marktanalyse ; Thünen-Institut für Betriebswirtschaft, 1 p

  17. 16

    Asante-Addo C, Weible D, Pelikan J (2020) Präferenzen der Verbraucher für Geflügelfleisch in Ghana. Braunschweig: Thünen-Institut für Marktanalyse, 2 p, Project Brief Thünen Inst 2020/16, DOI:10.3220/PB1594196155000

  18. 17

    Asante-Addo C, Weible D (2020) Profiling consumers based on information use and trust in a developing economy. Int J Consum Stud 44(3):285-295, DOI:10.1111/ijcs.12565

  19. 18

    Chibanda C, Agethen K, Deblitz C, Zimmer Y, Almadani I, Garming H, Rohlmann C, Schütte J, Thobe P, Verhaagh M, Behrendt L, Tudela Staub DF, Lasner T (2020) The typical farm approach and its application by the Agri Benchmark network. Agriculture 10(12):646, DOI:10.3390/agriculture10120646

  20. 19

    Asante-Addo C, Weible D (2019) Is there hope for domestically produced poultry meat? A choice experiment of consumers in Ghana. Agribusiness 36(2):281-298, DOI:10.1002/agr.21626

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