Conducting analyses of forest products markets
Continuing globalisation and internationalisation in forest policy have pulled the wood trade flows into the interest of the public. For this reason we process on the international trade with wood and wood based products.
International trade with products based on wood is developing dynamically since more than two decades. In order to identify the structures of the world trade flows and the changes over time we regularly analyse data (since 1993) on international trade with wood based products.
For our analyses we use databases such as UN Comtrade or Eurostat. We analyse trade flows in monetary values as well as in physical units. For a uniform presentation of the material flows we use the unit raw wood equivalent [m³(r)]. We take into account all relevant categories of wood based products: raw wood, wood residues, sawn wood, wood based panels, other semi finished wood products, finished wood products, pulp, paper and paperboard, finished paper products, regenerated cellulose. For illustration of the global trade flows the world is subdivided into eight regions.
The world trade volume of wood and wood based products amounted to 1.94 billion m³(r) in 2014 according to UN Comtrade data (import side). The biggest intra trade of the world-trade regions is shown by Europe (32% of total world trade). Concerning the external trade of the world regions, Asia (without Southeast Asia and India) is most important, mainly due to The People’s Republic of China. Specifically regarding the demand for raw wood, wood residues and pulp China is the most important demander since several years. Regarding the demand for finished wood and paper products Europe is still the world’s largest demanding region.
Permanent task 1.2001
Project status: ongoing