Anna Frerck
Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics

Leuschnerstraße 91
21031 Hamburg-Bergedorf
Phone: +49 40 739 62 301
Fax: +49 40 739 62 399

The European Timber Regulation and its effects


 (c) Margret Köthke

Effects of the European Timber Regulation (EUTR) and the German Act on Trade of Illegally Harvested Timber (HolzSiG)

Since 2013 the European Timber Regulation prohibits the placement of timber and timber products from illegal sources on the European market. How effective the regulation is implemented in Germany, is analysed by the Thünen Institute. 

Background and Objective

To combat illegal logging and trade with timber and timber products from illegal sources the FLEGT Action Plan (FLEGT = Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) was decided by the EU in 2003.

For implementation of the action plan, the European Timber Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 955/2010, short EUTR) was enacted in 2010. The EUTR prohibits the placement of timber and timber products from illegal sources on the European market. The EUTR went into force on March 3rd 2013 and is transposed into national law by the Act on Trade of Illegally Harvested Timber (Holzhandels-Sicherungs-Gesetz, short HolzSiG) in Germany.

At the Thünen Centre of Competence on the Origin of Timber it is analysed, among others, how effective the EUTR and the HolzSiG are in reducing illegal logging and trade. Additionally, the consequences (advantages and disadvantages) for German market operators are assessed and which effects the regulation has on timber markets.

Though it is also considered whether the different national implementation of the EUTR in the EU member states creates unequal market opportunities.


Furthermore, it is examined how coherently the policy areas of illegal logging, climate policy (REDD +), deforestation-free supply chains, certification and bio-economy are intertwined and whether they form synergies or barriers.

Target Group

National and European policy, market operators and science in the field of illegal logging and timber trade


To answer these questions, market operators surveys, wood market analyses, literature reviews and policy analyses are carried out.

Our Research Questions

How effective is the EUTR in reducing illegal logging and timber trade?

Are the EUTR’s requirements for market operators realisable, and what are the associated burdens?

What effects result on timber trade / the timber market?

  • Are there any shifts of trading partners (countries, companies) or of products?
  • Are there effects on prices (market advantages/ disadvantages)?

Is the EU policy intertwined coherently? Which differences exist in the national implementation of the EUTR in EU member states laws?

Links and Downloads

Related research of the TI-WF:

Janzen N, Weimar H (2016) Market coverage of the EUTR - what share of wood imports into the EU is covered by the EUTR? Drewno 59(197), DOI:10.12841/wood.1644-3985.C08.02

Weimar H, Janzen N, Dieter M (2015) Market coverage of wood imports by the EU Timber Regulation. Hamburg: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 63 p, Thünen Working Paper 45, DOI:10.3220/WP1440577266000, PDF Dokument (nicht barrierefrei) 1356 KB

Dieter M, Englert H, Weimar H (2012) Wood from illegal harvesting in EU markets: estimations and open issues. Landbauforsch Appl Agric Forestry Res 62(4):247-254, PDF Dokument 401 KB

Dieter M, Englert H, Weimar H (2012) Holz aus illegalem Einschlag in Deutschland und der EU : Status-Quo-Bericht zum Inkrafttreten des Holzhandels-Sicherungs-Gesetz (Holz-SiG). Holz Zentralbl 137(10):257-259, PDF Dokument (nicht barrierefrei) 3064 KB

Dieter M (2009) Analysis of trade in illegally harvested timber: accounting for trade via third party countries. Forest Pol Econ 11(8):600-607, DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2009.08.003


Involved Thünen-Partners


Permanent task 11.2017

More Information

Projekt type:
Project status: ongoing