Quality of Douglas fir wood

Project

Douglasienbestand im Südschwarzwald (c) Thünen-Institut/Uwe Schmitt
Douglasienbestand im Südschwarzwald (© Thünen-Institut/Uwe Schmitt)

Characterization and identification of juvenile and mature heartwood of Douglas fir

Douglas fir is frequently regarded as a tree species tolerating climate change-related environmental conditions. However, technological properties of its wood in relation to various silvicultural aspects has not been investigated systematically.

Background and Objective

The expected climate change defintely affects silvicultural management systems. In this context, Douglas fir is regarded as a tree species with high future potential, especially because of its higher drought resistance as compared with spruce. However, wood quality parameters of about 50 years old Douglas fir trees grown in the south of Germany have to be related to different growth conditions (narrow/broad tree rings) for a future optimization of silvicultural aspects.

Approach

Douglas fir trees of same age but with varying stem diameters (fast or slow growing trees) will be analyzed by various microscopic techniques. Additionally technological analyses are performed to determine their properties.

Data and Methods

Macroscopic and microscopic analyses, durability tests, and technological analyses.

Results

Growth speed, branch development, and proportions of juvenile and adult wood are the most important factors affecting the wood quality parameters of Douglas-fir. Young-growth wood of Douglas-fir from the south of Germany displays only slightly lower quality as compared to old-growth wood from North America. In comparison to other European softwoods, Douglas-fir grown in Europe produces high-grade timber which at minimum equals but mostly exceeds the values of timber from e.g. Norway spruce. Furthermore, the project revealed a slightly reduced natural durability of young-growth Douglas-fir wood from Europe. These findings appear not to be caused by differing environmental growth conditions but seem to rest mostly with the notably younger age of trees harvested in Europe and the silvicultural regimes applied to affect the trees’ growth speed.

Thünen-Contact


Involved Thünen-Partners


Funding Body

  • Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR)
    (national, öffentlich)

More Information

Projekt type:
Project funding number: 22037111
Funding program: FNR
Project status: finished