Secretariat

Elke Graffam
Institute of Biodiversity

Bundesallee 65
38116 Braunschweig
Phone: +49 531 596 2502
Fax: +49 531 596 2599
bd@thuenen.de


Impact of ozone on biodiversity

Project

Visible ozone injury on wild plant species
Visible ozone injury on wild plant species (© Thünen-Institut/BD)

Assessment of the impact of ozone on biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems

Tropospheric ozone is considered as the most significant phytotoxic pollutant in the atmosphere. The project will provide a synthesis of current knowledge on the effects of ozone on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Modelling and mapping approaches are used to analyze the risk of current ozone exposure levels for the vegetation in Germany.

Background and Objective

The project aims (1) to review and analyze the available literature on the impact of ozone on biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems and (2) to assess current uncertainties in concentration-based and flux-based approaches in ozone risk assessments by use of modelling and mapping approaches.

Approach

The project is split into 4 major work packages:

i) to collate and summarize available information from the literature on the impacts of ozone on biodiversity, ecosystem function and services
ii) to analyze methods and uncertainties in current risk assessment approaches, incl. validation studies for different vegetation types
iii) to perform a nationwide, fine-scale modelling and mapping of ozone risks for different vegetation types
iv) Conclusions and recommendations for the application of methods in future risk assessments in Germany

Results

The review summarizes information on the ozone sensitivity of 343 cultivars of crop species, of 298 herbaceous wild plant species, and of 164 woody species. More than 50% of the investigated species must be regarded as ozone sensitive, including many native species. There is evidence that ozone change flowering, seed production and  plant community composition which indirectly lead to changes in soil processes and water cycling thus affecting ecosystem structure and function

Thünen-Contact


Involved Thünen-Partners


Involved external Thünen-Partners


Funding Body

  • Umweltbundesamt (UBA)
    (national, öffentlich)

Duration

1.2012 - 12.2014

More Information

Projekt type:
Project status: finished

Publications

hits: 12

  1. Bender J, Bergmann E, Weigel H-J, Grünhage L, Schröder M, Builtjes PJH, Schaap M, Kranenburg R, Wichink Kruit RJ, Stern R, Baumgarten M, Matyssek R (2015) Anwendung und Überprüfung neuer Methoden zur flächenhaften Bewertung der Auswirkung von bodennahem Ozon auf die Biodiversität terrestrischer Ökosysteme : Teil 1. Dessau: UBA, 283 p, Texte UBA 70
  2. Bergmann E, Bender J, Weigel H-J (2015) Assessment of the impacts of ozone on biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems: Literature review and analysis of methods and uncertainties in current risk assessment approaches : Part II: literature review of the current state of knowledge on the impact of ozone on biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems. Dessau: Umweltbundesamt, 137 p, Texte UBA 71
  3. Weigel H-J, Bergmann E, Bender J (2015) Plant-mediated ecosystem effects of tropospheric ozone. Progress in botany 76:395-438, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-08807-5_15
  4. Mills G, Wagg S, Harmens H, Bender J, Bergmann E (2013) Effects of ozone on ecological processes and supporting ecosystem services. In: Mills G, Wagg S, Harmens H (eds) Ozone pollution : impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity ; Report prepared by the ICP Vegetation ; April 2013. Bangor: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, pp 17-24
  5. Mills G, Bender J, Bergmann E, Gonzalez-Fernandez I, Gerosa G, Bermejo V, Marzuoli R, Calvete-Sogo H, Finco A, Garcia-Gomez H, Alonso R (2013) Impacts of ozone on biodiversity. In: Mills G, Wagg S, Harmens H (eds) Ozone pollution : impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity ; Report prepared by the ICP Vegetation ; April 2013. Bangor: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, pp 31-42
  6. Mills G, Wagg S, Harmens H, Jones L, Simpson D, Büker P, Emberson L, Power SA,, Sitch S, Bergmann E, Bender J (2013) Impacts of ozone on regulating services. In: Mills G, Wagg S, Harmens H (eds) Ozone pollution : impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity ; Report prepared by the ICP Vegetation ; April 2013. Bangor: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, pp 43-52
  7. Grünhage L, Pleijel H, Mills G, Bender J, Danielsson H, Lehmann Y, Castell JF, Betheno O (2012) Updated stomatal flux and flux-effect models for wheat for quantifying effects of ozone on grain yield, grain mass and protein yield. Environ Pollut 165:147-157, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2012.02.026
  8. Grünhage L, Bender J, Jäger H-J, Matyssek R, Weigel H-J (2011) Beurteilungswerte für Ozon zum Schutz der Vegetation. Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung Luft 71(3):79-89
  9. Weigel H-J, Dauber J, Bender J (2011) Bodennahes Ozon - eine Gefahr für die biologische Vielfalt. Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung Luft 71(3):98-102
  10. Schrader S, Bender J, Weigel H-J (2009) Ozone exposure of field-grown winter wheat affects soil mesofauna in the rhizosphere. Environ Pollut 157(12):3357-3362, DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.06.031
  11. Bender J, Muntifering RB, Lin JC, Weigel H-J (2006) Growth and nutritive quality of Poa pratensis as influenced by ozone and competition. Environ Pollut 142(1):109-115, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.09.012
  12. Bender J, Bergmann E, Weigel H-J (2006) Responses of biomass production and reproductive development to ozone exposure differ between European wild plant species. Water Air Soil Pollut 176(1-4):253-267