Strategies for the long-term provision of services of general interest in the context of an aging and declining population: case studies in the Harz Mountains
The current debate on regional disparities in Germany, the differentiation of living conditions and changing provisions of public and private services of general interest focuses on peripheral depopulated areas. In these regions, many services of general interest were already reduced in the past. The population has thus to cope with deteriorating conditions of daily life, and both providers and users of infrastructures, shopping facilities as well as of social and cultural amenities bear comparatively higher costs. Yet long-term economic sustainability and accessibility of services will also become an issue in rural areas where socio-demographic changes and the resulting problems occur in a rather unspectacular way. The Harz Mountains are such a region.
The case study region Harz was chosen because of the significant process of demographic aging in this area: by the end of 2008, the two Harz districts Osterode am Harz and Goslar had the highest share of inhabitants aged 75 years or older. The project focused on one small town and its rural boroughs in the eastern, and one in the western, part of the Harz mountains. To different degrees and at a different pace, both towns have been characterised by aging and population decline in the past decades.
In the project we analysed the development of the provision of services of general interest in the towns and the districts over the past twenty years. Our investigation was also interested in how local and regional key persons as well as the older population assessed the current service situation. In-depth studies were conducted in the fields of childcare, schools, health care, nursing homes, access to the internet, public transport, fire brigades, cultural and leisure offerings.
The project was explorative in nature. In the course of the research, we developed a heuristic model of adaptation strategies (by decision-makers to reorganise public service facilities) and coping strategies (of the local population to maintain their daily routines).
In 2011/12, we conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with 48 key persons from administrations, infrastructure facilities and associations in the two towns and the districts. Additionally, five group interviews with 57 inhabitants between 55 and 98 years were conducted within local senior groups that were also semi-structured but implemented with less standardization. Qualitative content analysis was used to structure and condense the interview material created. Based on the interviews, we deduced a wide range of individual measures that were finally summarized to adaptation and coping strategies.
9.2010 - 12.2012
Project status: finished
Results 6 - 9 of 9
Results 6 - 9 of 9