Sustainable exploitation of North Sea and North Atlantic fish stocks
Fundamental research for the sustainable management of marine resources in the North Sea and North Atlantic - derivation of appropriate management strategies
As contracting party of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and EU Member State, Germany is obliged to submit national data to the scientific fish stock assessment working groups of ICES and other European organisations.
Background and Objective
For several marine fish stocks, the German fishing quotas represent significant or even dominating fishing activities. As contracting party of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and EU Member State, Germany is obliged to submit national data to the scientific fish stock assessment working groups of ICES and other regional fisheries organisations. The data are the basis for the advice on the sustainable management of fish stocks. Data for stock assessment are collected from representative samples of landings and discards in German fisheries. Discard and by-catch estimations are only possible by onboard sampling of commercial fishing vessels and allow the evaluation of the impact on the marine ecosystem and the long-term effect on marine living resources. With the implementation of the landing obligation by 2015 or 2016, respectively, research to reduce bycatch and discard becomes most important. Fisheries need to be managed in a way that protects fish stocks from overfishing.
Science, politicians, the public
Logbook data as well as discard and age-based biological data sampled on our observer trips are provided to the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). On the basis of these data, we estimate the status of commerical stocks together with our colleagues from other countries and provide the scientific advice to the European Commission and other interested stakeholders. In addition, we use these data for our own analyses on the German fishing fleet.
Our Research Questions
- How much is discarded by German fishing fleets?
- What is the status of fish stocks in the North Sea and North Atlantic?
- How much can be caught in the next years to ensure a sustainable exploitation?
- Yearly submission of input data for fish stock assessments
- Advice to the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture in relation to fish stock management.
- ICES advice on catch quotas
Links and Downloads
- Bernreuther, MatthiasSF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Fock, Heino SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Gröger, Joachim SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Haslob, HolgerSF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Panten, Kay SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Rohlf, Norbert SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Stransky, Christoph SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Stransky, Christoph SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Taylor, MarcSF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Ulleweit, Jens SF Institute of Sea Fisheries
- Werner, Karl-MichaelSF Institute of Sea Fisheries
Involved external Thünen-Partners
- Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (BLE)
1.2001 - 12.2027
Costas G, O'Hea B, Alvarez P, Burns F, Eliasen S, Garabana D, Kloppmann MHF, Korta M, Krüger-Johnsen M, Mann L, Nash R, Riveiro I, Ulleweit J, Wieland K (2023) Working Group on Mackerel and Horse Mackerel Egg Surveys (WGMEGS; outputs form 2022 meeting). Copenhagen: ICES, 67 p, ICES Sci Rep 5(20), DOI:10.17895/ices.pub.22128536
Ulleweit J, Overzee HMJ van, Bangma T (2022) Catch sampling of the pelagic freezer trawler fishery operating in European waters in 2019-2020: joint report of the Dutch and German national on-board sampling programmes. IJmuiden: Stichting Wageningen Research, Centre for Fisheries Research (CVO), 49 p, CVO Rep 22.008, DOI:10.18174/564918
Beukhof E, Bleijenberg J, Brazier A, Brunel T, Burns F, Campbell A, Campbell N, Codier A, Costas G, Dubroca L, Duncan R, Egan A, Eliasen S, Farrell E, Goncalves P, Henriksen O, Høines A, Holleland S, Homrum E, Ulleweit J (2022) Working Group on Widely Distributed Stocks (WGWIDE). Copenhagen: ICES, ix, 921 p, ICES Sci Rep 4(73), DOI:10.17895/ices.pub.21088804
Kelly C, Ball J, Bartolino V, Berg F, Berges B, Hakansson KB, Campbell N, Egan A, Hintzen NT, Ianelli J, Kempf A, Kvamme C, Mackinson S, Mosegaard H, Nash RDM, Pastoors MA, Pert C, Reedtz Sparrevohn C, Rohlf N, Trijoulet V, Damme CJG van (2021) Inter-Benchmark Protocol on North Sea Herring (IBPNSHerring 2021). Copenhagen: ICES, 168 p, ICES Sci Rep 3(98), DOI:10.17895/ices.pub.8398
Girardin R, Miethe T, Alvestad AH, Batsleer J, Baudron A, Berg C, Bleeker K, Brazier A, Chen C, De Oliveira JA, Halouani G, Haslob H, Kempf A, Kokkalis A, Mesquita C, Mosqueira I, Nawri N, Needle CL, Nielsen A, Taylor MH, et al (2021) Working Group on the Assessment of Demersal Stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak (WGNSSK). Copenhagen: ICES, 1281 p, ICES Sci Rep 3(66), DOI:10.17895/ices.pub.8211
Campbell A, Berg F, Beukhof E, Bjarnason S, Björnsson H, Brunel T, Burns F, Campbell N, Catarino R, Chetyrkin A, Costas G, Dubroca L, Duncan R, Egan A, Eliasen S, Goncalves P, Henriksen O, Hjorleifsson E, Hojnes A, Ulleweit J, et al (2021) Working Group on Widely Distributed Stocks (WGWIDE). Copenhagen: ICES, 874 p, ICES Sci Rep 3(95), DOI:10.17895/ices.pub.8298
Ulrich C, Vermard Y, Dolder PJ, Brunel T, Jardim E, Holmes SJ, Kempf A, Mortensen LO, Poos JJ, Rindorf A (2017) Achieving maximum sustainable yield in mixed fisheries: a management approach for the North Sea demersal fisheries. ICES J Mar Sci 74(2):566-575, DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fsw126
Rindorf A, Cardinale M, Shephard S, De Oliveira JA, Hjörleifsson E, Kempf A, Luzenczyk A, Millar C, Miller DC, Needle CL, Simmonds J, Vinther M (2017) Fishing for MSY: using "pretty good yield" ranges without impairing recruitment. ICES J Mar Sci 74(2):525-534, DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fsw111
Rindorf A, Mumford J, Baranowski P, Worsoe Clausen L, Garcia D, Hintzen NT, Kempf A, Leach A, Levontin P, Mace P, Mackinson S, Maravelias CD, Prellezo R, Quetglas A, Tserpes G, Reid DG (2017) Moving beyond the MSY concept to reflect multidimensional fisheries management objectives. Mar Policy 85:33-41, DOI:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.012
Stäbler M, Kempf A, Mackinson S, Poos JJ, Garcia C, Temming A (2016) Combining efforts to make maximum sustainable yields and good environmental status match in a food-web model of the southern North Sea. Ecol Model 331:17-30, DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.01.020
Cormon X, Kempf A, Vermard Y, Vinther M, Marchal P (2016) Emergence of a new predator in the North Sea: evaluation of potential trophic impacts focused on hake, saithe, and Norway pout. ICES J Mar Sci 73(5):1370-1381, DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fsw050
Akimova A, Nuñez-Riboni I, Kempf A, Taylor MH (2016) Spatially-resolved influence of temperature and salinity on stock and recruitment variability of commercially important fishes in the North Sea. PLoS One 11(9):e0161917, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0161917
Kempf A, Mumford J, Levontin P, Leach A, Hoff A, Hamon KG, Bartelings H, Vinther M, Stäbler M, Poos JJ, Smout S, Frost H, Burg S van den, Ulrich C, Rindorf A (2016) The MSY concept in a multi-objective fisheries environment - lessons from the North Sea. Mar Policy 69:146-158, DOI:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.04.012
Steenbergen J, Ulleweit J, Machiels M, Nijman R, Panten K, Helmond E van (2015) Discards sampling of the Dutch and German brown shrimp fisheries in 2009-2012. Wageningen: IMARES, 40 p
Keyl F, Kempf A, Sell AF (2015) Sexual size dimorphism in three North Sea gadoids. J Fish Biol 86(1):261-275, DOI:10.1111/jfb.12579
Overzee HMJ van, Helmond ATM van, Ulleweit J, Panten K (2013) Discard sampling of the Dutch and German pelagic freezer fishery operating in European waters in 2011 and 2012. Stichting DLO Centre for Fisheries Research (CVO), 68 p, CVO Rep 13.013
Kraak SBM, Bailey N, Cardinale M, Darby C, De Oliveira JA, Eero M, Graham N, Holmes SJ, Jakobsen T, Kempf A, Kirkegaard E, Powell J, Scott RD, Simmonds EJ, Ulrich C, Vanhee W, Vinther M (2013) Lessons for fisheries management from the EU cod recovery plan. Mar Policy 37:200-213, DOI:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.05.002
Ulleweit J, Stransky C, Panten K (2010) Discards and discarding practices in German fisheries in the North Sea and Northeast Atlantic during 2002-2008. J Appl Ichthyol 26:54-66, DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01449.x