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© Andreas Bolte
[Translate to English:]
Institute of

WO Forest Ecosystems


Climate change and forest adaptation

© Thünen-Institut für Waldökosysteme
Forest conversion of a pure scots pine stand in a pine-beech mixed stand

Ongoing climate change is on a of the big challenges for the maintainance of productive forests. Climatic exterme events like drought, heat waves, storms and the acompanying occurrence of pathogens require a monitoring of forest development and an adaptation of forest and forest management.

Background and Objective

The studies are aimed at analysing and evaluating the most important impacts of climate change on forests. Based on the results, concepts for forest adaptation and adaptive forest management (AFM) shall be developed and brought to application.


Data of the forest monitoring and additional studies will be used to identify the most importat drivers for forest vitality and productivity change. With international networking we will establish novel concepts and measures for an adaptive forest management (AFM) including assisted migration and varied silvicultural treatments of forest stands.

Preliminary Results

First approaches for an adaptive forest management (AFM) has been allready developed and published. In particular, the use of active and passive elements of adaptive management are intensively discussed.

More Information

Project status: ongoing


Institute of Forest Ecosystems
Head of the Institute

further staff

Dr. Jürgen Müller

Institute of Forest Ecosystems

Alfred-Möller-Straße 1, Haus 41/42
16225 Eberswalde

Head of Forest ecology and biodiversity

Dr. Wolfgang Beck

Institute of Forest Ecosystems

Alfred-Möller-Straße 1, Haus 41/42
16225 Eberswalde



  1. 0

    Rukh S, Sanders TGM, Krüger I, Schad T, Bolte A (2023) Distinct responses of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) to drought intensity and length - A review of the impacts of the 2003 and 2018-2019 drought events in Central Europe. Forests 14(2):248, DOI:10.3390/f14020248

  2. 1

    Bolte A, Sanders TGM (2021) Additive stressors call for adaptive forest management. In: Tomaszewski D, Jagodzinski AM (eds) Drzewa i lasy w zmieniajacym sie srodowisku : Scientific conference ; Kórnik-Poznan, 11-13 October 2021, Conference Proceedings. Gdansk: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, pp 23-34

  3. 2

    Muffler L, Schmeddes J, Weigel R, Barbeta A, Beil I, Bolte A, Buhk C, Holm S, Klein G, Klisz M, Löf M, Penuelas J, Schneider L, Vitasse Y, Kreyling J (2021) High plasticity in germination and establishment success in the dominant forest tree Fagus sylvatica across Europe. Global Ecol Biogeogr 30(8):1583-1596, DOI:10.1111/geb.13320

  4. 3

    Bolte A, Natkhin M, Sanders TGM (2021) Trockenheitstoleranz von unterschiedlichen Fichten- und Buchenpopulationen aus Europa im Vergleich. In: FowiTa : Forstwissenschaftliche Tagung - Wald: Wie weiter? ; Book of abstracts, 13. bis 15. September 2021. p 363

  5. 4

    Bose AK, Gessler A, Bolte A, Bottero A, Buras A, Cailleret M, Camarero JJ, Haeni M, Heres A-M, Hevia A, Lévesque M, Linares JC, Martinez-Vilalta J, Matias L, Menzel A, Sánchez-Salguero R, Saurer M, Vennetier M, Ziche D, Rigling A (2020) Growth and resilience responses of Scots pine to extreme droughts across Europe depend on predrought growth conditions. Global Change Biol 26(8):4521-4537, DOI:10.1111/gcb.15153

  6. 5

    Bolte A (2020) Wie lassen sich die Wälder in Deutschland als Kohlenstoffsenke erhalten? Ländl Raum (ASG) 71(2):17-19

  7. 6

    Jandl R, Spathelf P, Bolte A, Prescott CE (2019) Forest adaptation to climate change - is non-management an option? Ann Forest Sci 76:48, DOI:10.1007%2Fs13595-019-0827-x

  8. 7

    Stanturf JA, Kleine M, Mansourian S, Parrotta J, Madsen P, Kant P, Burns J, Bolte A (2019) Implementing forest landscape restoration under the Bonn Challenge: a systematic approach. Ann Forest Sci 76:50, DOI:10.1007%2Fs13595-019-0833-z

  9. 8

    Sanders TGM, Spathelf P, Bolte A (2019) The response of forest trees to abiotic stress. Burleigh Dodds Ser Agric Sci 71:99-116, DOI:10.19103/AS.2019.0057.05

  10. 9

    Spathelf P, Stanturf JA, Kleine M, Jandl R, Chiatante D, Bolte A (2018) Adaptive measures: integrating adaptive forest management and forest landscape restoration. Ann Forest Sci 75:55, DOI:10.1007/s13595-018-0736-4

  11. 10

    Hartmann H, Schuldt B, Sanders TGM, Macinnis-Ng C, Boehmer HJ, Allen CD, Bolte A, Crowther TW, Matthew MC, Medlyn BE, Rühr NK, Anderegg WR (2018) Monitoring global tree mortality patterns and trends. Report from the VW symposium 'Crossing scales and disciplines to identify global trends of tree mortality as indicators of forest health'. New Phytol 217(3):984-987, DOI:10.1111/nph.14988

  12. 11

    Malyshev AV, Henry HA, Bolte A, Arfin Khan MA, Kreyling J (2018) Temporal photoperiodic sensitivity and forcing requirements for budburst in temperate tree seedlings. Agric Forest Meteorol 248:82-90, DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.011

  13. 12

    Stojnic S, Suchocka M, Benito-Garzon M, Torres-Ruiz JM, Cochard H, Bolte A, Cocozza C, Cvjetkovic B, De Luis M, Martinez-Vilalta J, Raebild A, Tognetti R, Delzon S (2018) Variation in xylem vulnerability to embolism in European beech from geographically marginal populations. Tree Physiol 38(2):173-185, DOI:10.1093/treephys/tpx128

  14. 13

    Bräuning A, Bolte A, Nabais C, Rossi S, Sass-Klaassen U (2017) Editorial: studying tree responses to extreme events. Front Plant Sci 8:Art.506, DOI:10.3389/fpls.2017.00596

  15. 14

    Bolte A, Czajkowski T, Cocozza C, Tognetti R, De Miguel M, Psidova E, Ditmarova L, Dinca L, Delzon S, Cochard H, Raebild A, De Luis M, Cvjetkovic B, Heiri C, Müller J (2016) Desiccation and mortality dynamics in seedlings of different European Beech (Fagus sylvaticaL.) populations under extreme drought conditions. Front Plant Sci 7:Art. 751, DOI:10.3389/fpls.2016.00751

  16. 15

    Natkhin M, Beck W, Müller J (2015) Vlijanie zasuchi na rost derev'ev v Germanii - ot modelej k obšcim položenijam - The influence of drought on tree growth in in Germany - from models to general statements. Lesotechniceskij žurnal 5(3(19)):76-84, DOI:10.12737/14155

  17. 16

    Bolte A, Stanturf JA, Madsen P (2014) Adaptive forest management in global temperate forests: pathways for a co-operative network concept. Int Forestry Rev 16(5):221

  18. 17

    Spathelf P, Bolte A (2014) Adaptive forest management: the key for forest adaptation to climate change. Int Forestry Rev 16(5):525

  19. 18

    Bolte A, Hilbrig L, Grundmann BM, Roloff A, Brunet J (2014) Climate change induced forest succession - the role of disturbances. Ser Conf Papers Zentrum Wald Forst Holz Weihenstephan 4: 13

  20. 19

    Bolte A, Hilbrig L, Grundmann BM, Roloff A, Brunet J (2014) Understory dynamics after disturbance accelerate succession from spruce to beech dominated forest. Int Forestry Rev 16(5):192

  21. 20

    Bolte A, Hilbrig L, Grundmann BM, Roloff A (2014) Understory dynamics after disturbance accelerate succession from spruce to beech-dominated forest - the Siggaboda case study. Ann Forest Sci 71(2):139-147, DOI:10.1007/s13595-013-0283-y

  22. 21

    Beck W, Sanders TGM, Pofahl U (2013) CLIMTREG: Detecting temporal changes in climate–growth reactions - A computer program using intra-annual daily and yearly moving time intervals of variable width. Dendrochronologia 31(3):232-241, DOI:10.1016/j.dendro.2013.02.003

  23. 22

    Bolte A, Kampf F, Hilbrig L (2013) Space sequestration below ground in old-growth spruce-beech forests - signs for facilitation? Front Plant Sci 4(Article 322):1-11, DOI:10.3389/fpls.2013.00322

  24. 23

    Bolte A (2013) Umweltgerechte Waldnutzung im Diskurs : aus der Sicht der Forstwissenschaft ; Resilienz und Klimawandel. AFZ Der Wald 68(17):28-30

  25. 24

    Czajkowski T, Müller J, Bolte A (2013) What is the lethal dose of 'physiological drought' for forest trees? - The L50SWD concept. In: Building bridges in ecology : linking systems, scales and disciplines ; GfÖ 43rd Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland ; September 9 to 13, 2013, Potsdam, Germany ; book of abstracts. Göttingen: Gesellschaft für Ökologie, pp 134-135

  26. 25

    Hickler T, Bolte A, Hartard B, Beierkuhnlein C, Blaschke M, Blick T, Brüggemann W, Dorow WHO, Fritze M-A, Gregor T, Ibisch PL, Kölling C, Kühn I, Musche M, Pompe S, Petercord R, Schweiger O, Seidling W, Trautmann S, Wellbrock N, et al (2012) Folgen des Klimawandels für die Biodiversität in Wald und Forst. In: Mosbrugger V, Brasseur GP, Schaller M, Stribnry B (eds) Klimawandel und Biodiversität : Folgen für Deutschland. Darmstadt: Wiss Buchges, pp 164-220

  27. 26

    Bolte A, Beck W, Rock J (2012) Klimawandel und Klimaschutz erfordern eine Anpassung der Forstwirtschaft. Loccumer Prot 2011,54:71-89

  28. 27

    Grundmann BM, Bolte A, Bonn S, Roloff A (2011) Impact of climatic variation on growth of Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies in Southern Sweden. Scand J Forest Res 26(Suppl. 11):64-71, doi:10.1080/02827581.2011.564392

  29. 28

    Beck W (2011) Impact of drought and heat on tree and stand vitality - results of the study commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection. In: TRACE - tree rings in archaeology, climatology and ecology : vol. 9, Proceedings of the Dendrosymposium 2010, April 22nd - 25th, Freiburg, Germany. pp 20-27

  30. 29

    Beck W (2011) Wachstumsablauf und witterungssensitive Zuwachsreaktionen in ostdeutschen Douglasienbeständen. In: Nagel J (ed) Beiträge zur Jahrestagung / Deutscher Verband Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten Sektion Ertragskunde : Jahrestagung 6. bis 8. Juni 2011 ; Cottbus. Deutscher Verband Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten, Sektion Ertragskunde, pp 109-119

  31. 30

    Bolte A, Wellbrock N, Dunger K (2011) Wälder, Klimaschutz und Klimaanpassung : welche Maßnahmen sind umsetzbar? AFZ Der Wald 66(2):27-29

  32. 31

    Bolte A, Degen B (2010) Anpassung der Wälder an den Klimawandel : Optionen und Grenzen. Landbauforsch 60(3):111-117

  33. 32

    Beck W (2010) Auswirkungen von Trockenheit und Hitze auf den Waldzustand in Deutschland - waldwachstumskundliche Ergebnisse der Studie im Auftrag des BMELV. In: Nagel J (ed) Beiträge / Deutscher Verband Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten, Sektion Ertragskunde : Jahrestagung 17. - 19. Mai 2010, Körbecke am Möhnesee. Deutscher Verband Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten, Sektion Ertragskunde, pp 56-65

  34. 33

    Bolte A, Hilbrig L, Grundmann BM, Kampf F, Brunet J, Roloff A (2010) Climate change impacts on stand structure and competitive interactions in a southern Swedish spruce-beech forest. Eur J Forest Res 129(3):261-276, DOI:10.1007/s10342-009-0323-1

  35. 34

    Czajkowski T, Ahrends B, Bolte A (2010) Critical limits of soil water availability (CL-SWA) for central European forest trees. Int Forestry Rev 12(5):43-44

  36. 35

    Bolte A, Ammer C, Löf M, Madsen P, Nabuurs GJ, Schall P, Spathelf P, Rock J (2009) Adaptive forest management in central Europe: Climate change impacts, strategies and integrative concept. Scand J Forest Res 24(6):471-480, DOI:10.1080/02827580903418224

  37. 36

    Bolte A, Ammer C, Löf M, Nabuurs GJ, Schall P, Spathelf P (2009) Adaptive forest management: a prerequisite for sustainable forestry in the face of climate change. Manag Forest Ecosyst 19:115-139

  38. 37

    Bolte A, Degen B (2009) Anpassung der Wälder an den Klimawandel : Optionen und Grenzen. In: Freibauer A, Osterburg B (eds) Aktiver Klimaschutz und Anpassung an den Klimawandel - Beiträge der Agrar- und Forstwirtschaft : 15.-16. Juni 2009 Braunschweig ; Tagungsband. Braunschweig: vTI, pp 46-47

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