Impact of meat and dairy exports on developing countries
German exports of livestock products to Africa are frequently criticized. We analyze how these exports actually affect domestic poultry and milk production using Ghana and Senegal as examples.
The aim of the research project is to investigate the effects of German and European exports on the agricultural sectors in two African countries that import large quantities of poultry and dairy products. Measures will be identified and analyzed to avoid or reduce possible undesired effects of exports. The following questions arise for our analysis: What exactly is exported? How much is exported? What are the effects on local production? How competitive is local poultry and milk production? What measures can be taken to avoid possible negative effects of German or European exports?
From Germany, mainly poultry meat, milk and dairy products are exported to Africa. Therefore, the focus of the planned research will be on the trade with these products.
Based on our preliminary work in the PrimeA project on the demand for imported poultry meat in Ghana, we will consider additional aspects in this project. We are therefore extending our consumer analyses in Ghana to dairy products and are also conducting consumer surveys on poultry and dairy products in Senegal. In addition, the production side and the value chains are taken into account. Using the global network agri benchmark, we collect data on typical farms and analyze them in an international context. Based on these results, we identify possible measures and related policies to avoid or reduce possible undesired effects of German or European exports.
In this project we investigate the above-mentioned issues in the areas of politics, production technology, value chains and consumer preferences. Therefore, the project consists of five work packages:
The institutional framework in Germany, Ghana and Senegal is of fundamental importance for trade and the resulting market effects. Therefore, we compare the different policy measures of the respective countries and subject them to an impact analysis. Here we examine the question of which measures are necessary to avoid or mitigate possible undesired effects of exports.
First results expected 2020/2021
1.2019 - 12.2021
Project funding number: 28N1800017
Project status: ongoing