Assessing the potential of remote sensing data in the fields of land use, agricultural economics and biodiversity
Extensively used meadows and pastures play an important role for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. Satellite remote sensing imagery with a high spatial and temporal resolution can be used to map biodiversity components.
So far, the resolution of freely available satellite remote sensing data in Germany and in the EU was too low and thus only of limited use for the description and analysis of land use dynamics. Since 2015, the European Earth observation programme “Copernicus” provides high resolution satellite remote sensing data regarding area and time dimensions. This new quality of data offers the opportunity to display up-to-date information on the land use and land use structures in Germany with a high degree of spatial accuracy for each single plot of land. Thus, this satellite remote sensing data could help to improve the explanation of the relationship between land use intensity and its regional distribution and to better answer questions regarding the protection of abiotic resources as well as the distribution and development of biodiversity.
The main focus at the Institute of Biodiversity is on the use of remote sensing to assess biodiversity patterns in agricultural landscapes, mainly in grasslands. For this purpose, Copernicus data, but also data with a higher spatial or spectral resolution, will be used to differentiate vegetation patterns at a small spatial scale.
The following objectives should be achieved:
The following steps will be developed:
9.2017 - 8.2021
Project status: ongoing