Biotechnological Production of Succinic Acid from Renewable Resources
Succinic acid and its salts (succinates) have great potential as a raw material for various products of the chemical industry. A so far unknown bacterial strain seems predestined for the economical production of succinate from renewable resources.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid and an essential intermediate in the citric acid cycle, in almost all living organisms. It is possible to produce succinic acid biotechnologically from renewable resources. Beside some fungi and a few bacteria strains, no natural organisms are previously known producing succinic acid in sufficient quantities and under such favorable conditions that a corresponding industrial process compareable to chemical synthesis would be feasible. The aim of this project is to establish an efficient biotechnological process for the production of succinic acid from renewable resources.
To achieve the objective an unidentified bacterium was isolated from a soil sample. This new isolated bacterium is able to produce succinic acid from renewable resources. The identification and characterization of this bacterium as well as the optimization of growth and production conditions are carried out. Therefor the physical parameters like pH, redox potential, oxygen supply, temperature and media composition, are under investigation. Especially the usage of inexpensive carbon and nitrogen sources based on agricultural raw materials and residues (sugars from hemicelluloses, plant residues, various press cake, glycerol and the like) are from great importance. Finally, it might be advantageous to immobilize the highly productive biomass. For this the biomass will be enclosed in a biocompatible macroscopic matrix in which it lives and produces. Thus, it is possible to use the biomass over several cycles for the production of succinic acid, and it is easy to separate the biomass from the product broth. An additional advantage would be the increased productivity which results from the high cell concentration in the bioreactor.
To perform time-consuming strain characterizations and the subsequent optimization experiments in its different aspects, a laboratory robot system for high-throughput screening and media optimization is provided. For the investigations of physicochemical parameters, the usage of immobilized biomass and scale-up a 4-fold multi-bioreactor system and several process-bioreactor (5-15 L) are provided. Regarding the analytic, rapid and semi-quantitative methods are used such as powerful and comprehensive online-sensor, capillary electrophoresis (CE), thin layer chromatography (TLC) and spectroscopy. The precise material analysis for balancing and by-product determination is performed by HPLC and GC.
Within the project, such parameters should preferably be processed implementing the outstanding properties of a potential production strain in a technical process. A high level of productivity (P), yield (Y) and product concentration (C) is to be achieved.
Aim of this project is to establish an efficient biotechnological process for the production of succinic acid from renewable resources. Preliminary results in the conversion of glycerol into succinic acid are very promising. More than 100 g/L succinic acid were produced with an yield of 100%, which is only possible if the metabolism uses at least partially the reductive citric acid cycle including CO2 fixation (anaerobic respiration, fumarate respiration ).
9.2015 - 10.2018
Project funding number: 22036214
Funding program: FNR
Project status: ongoing