Head of Unit

PD Dr. Matthias Fladung

Sieker Landstraße 2

22927 Großhansdorf

Telefon +49 4102 696 107

Fax +49 4102 696 200

e-Mail matthias.fladung@  thuenen.de

Early flowering for biosafety and forest tree breeding

Project

 (c)

Induction of early flowering in poplar and spruce for acceleration of breeding

Biosafety studies with transgenic forest plants suffer from the long generation times of trees. To analyze gene technologically induced sterility within a given time frame of two to three years it is desirable to shorten the vegetative phase of the poplars considerably.

Background and Objective

The induction of early flower formation is very important with transgenic poplars within the scope of the investigations for sterility and for spruce for breeding purposes. A gene technologically approach is tested beside physiological attempts for the production of early-flowering poplar lines with the help of the genes which have caused an early flowering already in other plant species. Up to now all attempts have missed to stimulate flowering in one-year-old to three-year-old poplars by means of physiological attempts (application of growth retardants, demethylation agents and hormones). In contrary, transgenic poplar carrying “early-flowering” genes formed flowers either already some months after the gene technologically change or as three-year-old plants. Different genetic constructs were used for the transformation by poplars.

Approach

The gene BpMADS4 from birch was tested in poplars for the first time. In transgenic birches this gene has caused a precocious flower formation. First BpMADS4 transgenic poplars were generated in the beginning of 2002, transferred into greenhouse and molecularly examined. Some transgenic plants are cultivated since middle of 2002 in climate chambers. However, a flower-inducing effect of this construct has not been found in transgenic poplars up to now. Nevertheless, during the culture in greenhouse it was observed that the BpMADS4 transgenic poplar lines didn’t loose their leaves completely. The expression of the two Arabidopsis thaliana genes Leafy and FT has promoted flowering in different plant species. In poplar, early flowering has been observed for both genes in in-vitro culture as well as in soil in the first year. The early-flowering Leafy- and FT-transgenic poplar lines are fertile under greenhouse conditions. Nevertheless, Leafy-and FT-induced reduction of the juvenility as well as the maintenance of fertility are strongly influenced by the genotype of the used poplar line. Additional flower-inducing genes are also being tested.

Preliminary Results

The gene BpMADS4 from birch was tested in poplars for the first time. In transgenic birches this gene has caused a precocious flower formation. First BpMADS4 transgenic poplars were generated in the beginning of 2002, transferred into greenhouse and molecularly examined. Some transgenic plants are cultivated since middle of 2002 in climate chambers. However, a flower-inducing effect of this construct has not been found in transgenic poplars up to now. Nevertheless, during the culture in greenhou

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Involved Thünen-Partners


Duration

5.2007 - 12.2019

More Information

Projekt type:
Project status: ongoing

Publications

hits: 9

  1. Fladung M, Hönicka H, Kersten B (2016) Baumblüte im ersten Jahr. Forschungsfelder
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 1423 kb
  2. Fladung M, Hönicka H (2016) Forstpflanzenzüchtung auf der Überholspur. AFZ Wald 71(14):21-23
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 308 kb
  3. Häggman H, Sutela S, Fladung M (2016) Genetic engineering contribution to forest tree breeding efforts. Forestry Sci 82:11-29, DOI:10.1007/978-74-017-7531-1_2
  4. Hönicka H, Lehnhardt D, Nunna S, Reinhardt R, Jeltsch A, Briones V, Fladung M (2016) Level of tissue differentiation influences the activation of a heat-inducible flower-specific system for genetic containment in poplar (Populus tremula L.). Plant Cell Rep 35(2):369-384, DOI:10.1007/s00299-015-1890-x
  5. Hönicka H, Lehnhardt D, Briones V, Nilsson O, Fladung M (2016) Low temperatures are required to induce the development of fertile flowers in transgenic male and female early flowering poplar (Populus tremula L.). Tree Physiol 36(5):667-677, DOI:10.1093/treephys/tpw015
  6. Bentley AR, Jensen EF, Mackey IJ, Hönicka H, Fladung M, Hori K, Yano M, Mullet JE, Armstead IP, Hayes C, Thorogood D, Lovatt A, Morris R, Pullen N, Mutasa-Göttgens ES, Cockram J (2013) Chapter 1 : Flowering time. In: Kole C (ed) Genomics and breeding for climate-resilient crops : Vol. 2 target traits . Berlin: Springer, pp 1-66
  7. Hönicka H, Lehnhardt D, Polak O, Fladung M (2012) Early flowering and genetic containment studies in transgenic poplar. iForest 5:138-146, DOI:10.3832/ifor0621-005
  8. Fladung M, Hanke MV (2012) Induktion einer frühzeitigen Blüte bei Pappel und bei Apfel zur Beschleunigung der Züchtung auf Resistenz gegenüber Krankheiten (SpeedBreed). In: Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (ed) Innovationstage 2012 : Forschungs- und Entwicklungsprojekte ; Programm zur Innovationsförderung des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz. Bonn: Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, pp 36-40
  9. Hönicka H, Lautner S, Klingberg A, Koch G, El-Sherif F, Lehnhardt D, Zhang B, Burgert I, Odermatt J, Melzer S, Fromm J, Fladung M (2012) Influence of over-expression of the FLOWERING PROMOTING FACTOR 1 gene (FPF1) from Arabidopsis on wood formation in hybrid poplar (Populus tremula L. x P. tremuloides Michx.). Planta 235(1):359-373