Anna Frerck
Institute of International Forestry and Forest Economics

Leuschnerstraße 91
21031 Hamburg-Bergedorf
Phone: +49 40 739 62 301
Fax: +49 40 739 62 399

Quantification and regionalisation of economic values of forest ecosystem services in Germany


 (c) Thünen-Institut/Peter Elsasser/Nils Ermisch

ReWaLe - Quantification and regionalisation of economic values of forest ecosystem services in Germany

Demands of forest ecosystem services by the society are increasing in many fields, no matter if productive, protective, or recreational functions are concerned. As a result, regionally varying trade-offs are to be expected. This fact is acknowledged by the Forest Strategy 2020 of the Federal German Government, which asks for applying the economic approach of the TEEB study to the ecosystem services of German forests and their biological diversity, for quantifying these values and finally, for integreting them into decision processes.

Background and Objective

Against this background, the general aim of ReWaLe is the quantification and regionalization of economic values of forest ecosystem services. More specific, this implies the valuation of the societal benefits of productive, protective and recreational functions in monetary terms. It also implies the analysis of the regional variation of the interdependencies among these benefits.


The outcome of the data analyses under ReWaLe will be used for a modeling approach.The resulting model will be applied for estimating the potentials for optimizing the benefits from different forest functions as part of sustainable and multifunctional forest management. Moreover, instruments of federal forest politics will be revealed for exhausting the optimisation potentials. The focus will lie on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) within the framework of commercial initiatives as well as on public promotion.

In line with the Forest Strategy 2020 ReWaLe will contribute to integrating economic valuation of forest ecosystem services into commercial decision processes. It will also contribute to mitigating conflicts between the commercial use of biological resources on the one hand and the conservation of biological diversity on the other hand. This will facilitate the balancing of commercial forestry against social and ecological aspects. In this way the project will also account for the demand of the EU Biodiversity Strategy for quantifying and mapping ecosystem services until the year 2020.

Of high interest for the scientific community will be the up-date of an existing meta-data base providing access to studies on forest ecosystem services until today. This data base will be made available to the public online via the website of the Thünen Institute. The subsequent maintenance of both the model and the data base will be taken over by the institute’s permanent staff.

Preliminary Results


Involved Thünen-Partners

Involved external Thünen-Partners

Funding Body

  • Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR)
    (national, öffentlich)


1.2016 - 12.2018

More Information

Projekt type:
Project funding number: 22022614
Funding program: FNR
Project status: ongoing

List of Publications

hits: 2

  1. Elsasser P (2017) Monetäre Bewertung von Ökosystemleistungen: eine kritische Sicht auf einige Kritiken (Essay). Schweiz Z Forstwesen 168(1):14-20, DOI:10.3188/szf.2017.0014
  2. Elsasser P, Meyerhoff J, Weller P (2016) An updated bibliography and database on forest ecosystem service valuation studies in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 20 p, Thünen Working Paper 65, DOI:10.3220/WP1479222082000
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 236 kb