Secretariat

Elke Graffam
Institute of Biodiversity

Bundesallee 65
38116 Braunschweig
Phone: +49 531 596 2502
Fax: +49 531 596 2599
bd@thuenen.de


Effectc of future climate change on crop yield and quality

Project

Operation of the free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) system at the experimental field of the Thünen-Institute with different crop species (c) Thünen-Institut/BD
Operation of the free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) system at the experimental field of the Thünen-Institute with different crop species (© Thünen-Institut/BD)

Interaction of atmospheric CO2 concentration and other factors on growth, yield and yield quality of agricultural crops

Given the increase of the atmospheric CO2 concentration and associated changes in climate (warming, heat, drought) it is essential to estimate the effect of these climate changes on growth, yield and yield quality of crops and on future food security.The objective of the present project is to examine the effect of future atmospheric CO2 concentrations in combination with other important growth limiting factors on crop growth, yield and yield quality. In addition to the atmospheric CO2 concentration the effect of other factors of climate change (drought, warming, heat) are also investigated in field experiments.

Background and Objective

The objective of the present project is to examine the effect of future atmospheric CO2 concentrations in combination with other important growth limiting factors on crop growth, yield and yield quality. In addition to the atmospheric CO2 concentration the effect of other factors of climate change (drought, warming, heat) are also investigated in field experiments.

Approach

Different crop species are grown on an experimental field site under future climatic conditions. Atmospheric CO2 concentration is increased by up to 200 ppm above the ambient level using the free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) technique. Depending on the specific problems of a crop species  the interaction of CO2 enrichment with nutrient supply, water supply or temperature is investigated.

Data and Methods

All factors influencing plant growth were controlled or measured to allow the calculation of biomass production with crop models and to contribute to the improvement of crop models to predict crop yield under changed climatic conditions in the future.

Preliminary Results

  • The rise of CO2-concentration increased grain yield of winter barley and winter wheat.
  • However, grain protein concentration was decreased by elevated CO2 and backing quality of wheat was impaired. 
  • For sugar beet the CO2 effect on growth and sugar yield amounted to approximately 10% and was lower than expected from theory.
  • CO2 enrichment increased grain yield of maize only under restricted water supply
  • CO2 enrichment reduces plant transpiration

Thünen-Contact


Involved Thünen-Partners


Involved external Thünen-Partners


Duration

Permanent task 1.1999 - 12.2018

More Information

Projekt type:
Project status: ongoing

Publications

hits: 26

  1. Weigel H-J, Manderscheid R (2016) Der CO2-Dünge-Effekt: produktivere und effizientere Nutzpflanzen durch den Klimawandel? Geogr Rundsch Braunschweig(3):28-33
  2. Oldenburg E, Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel H-J (2015) Anstieg des CO2-Gehaltes in der Atmosphäre und Sommertrockenheit: Auswirkungen auf den Deoxynivalenol-Gehalt in Mais und Hirse? J Kulturpfl 66(6):217-218
  3. Pacholski A, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2015) Effects of free air CO2 enrichment on root growth of barley, sugar beet and wheat grown in a rotation under different nitrogen supply. Eur J Agron 63:36-46, DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2014.10.005
  4. Manderscheid R, Sikora J, Dier M, Erbs M, Weigel H-J (2015) Interactive effects of CO2 enrichment and N fertilization on N-acquisition, -remobilization and grain protein concentration in wheat. Proced Environ Sci 29:88, DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.173
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 219 kb
  5. Luig A, Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Ratjen A, Weigel H-J, Kage H (2015) Wie beeinflussen erhöhte CO2-Konzentrationen (FACE) und temporär erhöhte Bestandestemperaturen (T-FACE) sowie deren Interaktion die Ertragsphysiologie von Winterweizen? - Ergebnisse eines Feldversuches. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 27:51-52
  6. Wroblewitz S, Hüther L, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Wätzig H, Dänicke S (2014) Effect of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration on the protein composition of cereal grain. J Agric Food Chem 62(28):6616-6625, doi:10.1021/jf501958a
  7. Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel H-J (2014) Interactive effects of free-air CO2 enrichment and drought stress on maize growth. Eur J Agron 52:11-21, DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2011.12.007
  8. Weigel H-J, Manderscheid R, Fangmeier A, Högy P (2014) Mehr Kohlendioxid in der Atmosphäre: Wie reagieren Kulturpflanzen? [online] In: Lozán JL, Graßl H, Karbe L, Jendritzky G (eds) Warnsignal Klima : Gefahren für Pflanzen, Tiere und Menschen . 2. Aufl. , zu finden in <http://www.klima-warnsignale.uni-hamburg.de/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/weigel.etal.pdf> [zitiert am 12.01.2015]
  9. Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2013) Das Braunschweiger FACE-Experiment. Promet 38(1-2):20-31
  10. Wroblewitz S, Hüther L, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Wätzig H, Dänicke S (2013) The effect of free air carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen fertilisation on the chemical composition and nutritional value of wheat and barley grain. Arch Anim Nutr 67(4):263-278, doi:10.1080/1745039X.2013.821781
  11. Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel H-J (2013) Wirkung unterschiedlicher CO2-Konzentrationen auf den Saftfluss und das Bestandesklima von Mais bei unterschiedlicher Wasserversorgung. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 25:164-165
  12. Erbs M, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2012) A combined rain shelter and free-air CO2 enrichment system to study climate change impacts on plants in the field. Methods Ecol Evol 3(1):81-88, DOI:10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00143.x
  13. Weigel H-J, Manderscheid R (2012) Crop growth responses to free air CO2 enrichment and nitrogen fertilization: rotating barley, ryegrass, sugar beet and wheat. Eur J Agron 43:97-107, DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2012.05.011
  14. Lohölter M, Meyer U, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Erbs M, Flachowsky G, Dänicke S (2012) Effects of free air carbon dioxide enrichment and drought stress on the feed value of maize silage fed to sheep at different thermal regimes. Arch Anim Nutr 66(4):335-346
  15. Lohölter M, Meyer U, Lebzien P, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Erbs M, Flachowsky G, Dänicke S (2012) Effects of free air carbon dioxide enrichment and drought stress on the rumen in sacco degradability of corn silage harvested at various times. Landbauforsch 62(1/2):43-50
    pdf document 133 kb
  16. Lohölter M, Meyer U, Döll S, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Erbs M, Höltershinken M, Flachowsky G, Dänicke S (2012) Effects of the thermal environment on metabolism of deoxynivalenol and thermoregulatory. Mycotoxin Res 28(4):219-227
  17. Meibaum B, Riede S, Schröder B, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J, Breves G (2012) Elevated CO2 and drought stress effects on the chemical composition of maize plants, their ruminal fermentation and microbial diversity in vitro. Arch Anim Nutr 66(6):473-489, doi:10.1080/1745039X.2012.735080
  18. Weigel H-J, Manderscheid R (2011) CO2-Anstieg - Kulturpflanzen reagieren unterschiedlich. Biogas J 3:80-83
  19. Burkart S, Manderscheid R, Wittich K-P, Löpmeier F-J, Weigel H-J (2011) Elevated CO2 effects on canopy and soil water flux parameters measured using a large chamber in crops grown with free-air CO2 enrichment. Plant Biol 13(2):258-269
  20. Manderscheid R, Pacholski A, Weigel H-J (2010) Effect of free air carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen supply on leaf growth and yield of sugar beet. In: Wery J, Shili-Touzi I, Perrin A (eds) Proceedings of Agro2010 the XIth ESA Congress : August 29th - September 3rd, 2010 Montpellier, France. Montpellier: ESA, pp 471-472
  21. Manderscheid R, Pacholski A, Weigel H-J (2010) Effect of free air carbon dioxide enrichment combined with two nitrogen levels on growth, yield and yield quality of sugar beet: Evidence for a sink limitation of beet growth under elevated CO2. Eur J Agron 32(3):228-239, DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2009.12.002
  22. Erbs M, Manderscheid R, Jansen G, Seddig S, Pacholski A, Wieser H, Weigel H-J (2010) Free air CO2 enrichment and low N supply affect quality characteristics and elemental composition of wheat and barley grains. In: Wery J, Shili-Touzi I, Perrin A (eds) Proceedings of Agro2010 the XIth ESA Congress : August 29th - September 3rd, 2010 Montpellier, France. Montpellier: ESA, pp 499-500
  23. Lohölter M, Meyer U, Dänicke S, Hüther L, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2009) Auswirkungen von Klimaänderungen auf den Futterwert ausgewählter Pflanzen sowie Futteraufnahme, Leistung und physiologische Parameter von Milchkühen und Mastrindern. In: Freibauer A, Osterburg B (eds) Aktiver Klimaschutz und Anpassung an den Klimawandel - Beiträge der Agrar- und Forstwirtschaft : 15.-16. Juni 2009 Braunschweig ; Tagungsband. Braunschweig: vTI, p 162
  24. Burkart S, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2009) Canopy CO2 exchange of sugar beet under different CO2 concentrations and nitrogen supply: results from a free-air CO2 enrichment study. Plant Biol 11(Suppl. 1):109-123, DOI:10.1111/j.1438-8677.2009.00240.x
  25. Manderscheid R, Pacholski A, Frühauf C, Weigel H-J (2009) Effects of free air carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen supply on growth and yield of winter barley cultivated in a crop rotation. Field Crops Res 110(3):185-196, DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2008.08.002
  26. Wieser H, Manderscheid R, Erbs M, Weigel H-J (2008) Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations on the quantitative protein composition of wheat grain. J Agric Food Chem 56(15):6531-6535, doi:10.1021/jf8008603