BONUS-Project: BIO-C3


 (c) Thünen/DStepputtis

BONUS-Project: BIO-C3: Biodiversity changes - causes, consequences and management implications

Biodiversity changes - causes, consequences and management implications.

Background and Objective

The ultimate goal of BIO-C3 is to significantly advance our knowledge base towards management of the Baltic Sea biodiversity in an ecosystem perspective, considering the meso-scale spatial and regional heterogeneity of the system, origin of the biota and current/future pressures of drivers impacting the Baltic and its subsystems.


To assess the role of biodiversity in marine ecosystems, BIO-C3 uses a natural laboratory: the Baltic Sea. The Baltic is perfectly suited since its species composition is very young, with current salt level persisting for only a few thousand years. It is also relatively species poor, and extinctions of residents or invasions of new species are therefore expected to have a more dramatic effect compared to species rich and presumably more stable ecosystems.

Links and Downloads


Involved Thünen-Partners

Funding Body

  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
    (national, öffentlich)
  • European Union (EU)
    (international, öffentlich)


6.2013 - 12.2017

More Information

Projekt type:
Funding program: EU – ERA-NET BONUS
Project status: finished


hits: 11

  1. Probst WN, Rau A, Oesterwind D (2016) A proposal for restructuring descriptor 3 of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Mar Policy 74:128-135, DOI:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.09.026
  2. Oesterwind D, Rau A, Zaiko A (2016) Drivers and pressures - untangling the terms commonly used in marine science and policy. J Environ Manag 181:8-15, DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.05.058
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 965 kb
  3. Köster F-W, Huwer B, Hinrichsen HH, Neumann V, Makarchouk A, Eero M, Dewitz B von, Hüssy K, Tomkiewicz J, Margonski P, Temming A, Hermann J-P, Oesterwind D, Dierking J, Kotterba P, Plikshs M (2016) Eastern Baltic cod recruitment revisited - dynamics and impacting factors. ICES J Mar Sci 74(1):3-19, DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fsw172
  4. Winder M, Asterhag E, Bernreuther M, Bleckner T, Bonaglia S, Bonsdrof E, Brüchert V, Burian A, Dierking J, Downing A, Dutz J, Griniene E, Fey DP, Griffiths JR, Gårdmark A, Hajdu S, Hammer C, Herrmann Joachim, Kotterba P, Oesterwind D, et al (2016) Food webs under changing biodiversity - Top-down control. BIO-C3 Deliverable, D2.2. 40 p, DOI:10.3289/BIO-C3_D2.2
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 4094 kb
  5. Winder M, Berghoff L, Burian A, Clemmesen C, Dutz J, Fey DP, Golz A, Huwer B, Margonski P, Middelboe AL, Neuenfeldt S, Nielsen J, Oesterwind D, et al (2016) Report on effects of changing drivers on pelagic and benthic species composition and production : BIO-C3 Deliverable, D2.1. ; EU Bonusproject BIO-C3. 129 p, DOI:10.3289/BIO-C3_D2.1
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 12462 kb
  6. Oesterwind D, Dewitz B von, Döring R, Eero M, Goti L, Kotta J, Nurske K, Ojaveer H, Rau A, Skov H, Stepputtis D, Zaiko A (2016) Review on patterns and dynamics of drivers of biodiversity (species, communities, habitats) across Baltic Sea ecosystems in space and time including socio-economy : BIO-C3 Deliverable, D3.1. 102 p, DOI:10.3289/BIO-C3_D3.1
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 5151 kb
  7. Reusch TB, Dierking J, Köster F-W, Temming A, Winder M, Ojaveer H, Kuso H, Zaiko A, Middelboe AL, Jonsson P, Oesterwind D, Andersson H, Bonsdrof E, et al (2016) Second BONUS Bio-C³ periodic report, 01.01.2015 – 31.12.2015 [online]. 118 p, zu finden in <> [zitiert am 21.11.2016]
  8. Henseler C, Bock C, Kotterba P, Winkler H, Oesterwind D (2015) Biology, abundance and feeding ecology of the round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) in the eastern German Baltic. Book of Extended Abstracts: ICES Annual Science Conference 2015, 21.09. – 25.09. Copenhagen, Denmark. Copenhagen: ICES, 2 p
  9. Reusch TB, Dierking J, Köster F-W, Temming A, Winder M, Ojaveer H, Kuso H, Zaiko A, Middelboe AL, Jonsson P, Oesterwind D, Andersson H, Bonsdrof E, et al (2015) First BONUS Bio-C³ periodic report, 01.01.2014 – 31.12.2014 [online]. 50 p, zu finden in <> [zitiert am 21.11.2016]
  10. Temming A, Niemax J, Zaiko A, Aiaulis A, Törnroos A, Clemmesen C, Jaspers C, Oesterwind D, Bonsdrof E, Mittermayer F, Kuosa H, Ojaveer H, Behrens JW, Peters J, Renz J, Kotta J, Dutz J, Lehtiniemi M, Winder M, Kotterba P, et al (2015) Review of environmental factors influencing distributions of selected Baltic species. BIO-C3 Deliverable, D1.1. EU Bonusproject BIO-C3. 75 p, DOI:10.3289/BIO-C3_D1.1
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 620 kb
  11. Oesterwind D, Kotterba P (2015) Zwischenbericht BONUS Ecosystem Verbundprojekt Bio-C3. 14 p

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