Development of a concept for kid meat production in milking dairy goat farms
Milk from dairy goats has a high value, but not goat meat. Every year are more or less than 2 kids are born, but only 0.2 are necessary for reproduction. The fattening of the kids is not developed: not in organic and not in conventional farming. Low fattening results, unclear carcas quality parameter, high costs of rearing and fattening and last but not least not acceptable animal welfare conditions can happen.
The fattening of goat kids on dairy goat farms is not developed. Profitability and animal welfare are mayor problems; on conventional as well as on organic farms.
Using meat goat breads (bure goats) are recommendations developed for better fattening results and carcass qualities. Additionally feeding and health management strategies are given, to increase productivity and profitability. High animal welfare targets are part of the strategies. In collaboration with the company tegut and the University Kassel marketing strategies are designed.
The fattening experiments have been carried out on the experimental station of the Institute in Trenthorst. The half of the 70 dairy goats (breed German Brown Alpine) on the station have been inseminated with Bure goats, a meat breed, the other half are kept pure breed. The cross and pure breed lambs are tested under different conditions to assess the fattening and health potential:
a) fattening period (short: eastern kids; long: autumn kids)
b) different feeding rations (10% and 40% concentrate share of rations; 45 mother suckling or bucket milk feeding) and
c) keeping conditions (stable, pasture).
Animal welfare and profitability (labour costs, variable costs) have been considered.
Three years have been used.