Daniela Hohenstern
Institute of Forest Ecosystems

Alfred-Möller-Straße 1, Haus 41/42
16225 Eberswalde
Phone: +49 3334 3820 300
Fax: +49 3334 3820 354

Contact persons for

GHG Inventories for forests under the Kyoto Protocol 2008-2012


In the period 2008-2012, the first commitment period under the Kyoto-Protocol, Germany accounts for Afforrestation, Deforestation and Forest Management. The Greenhouse Gas Inventory delivers the statistical basis for this accounting.

Background and Objective

Germany commited to reduce its Emissions in the Period 2008-2012 by 21% compared to 1990. According to Art. 3.3 of the Kyoto Protocol, accounting for Afforestation, Reforestation and Deforestation is mandatory. Additionally, Germany voluntary accounts for Emissions due to Forest Management. As a prequisite for that an comprehensive reporting had to be established and the sources and sinks had to be detailled reported following relevant international standards.


In order to implement the German national greenhouse gas emission reporting system (National Inventory Report, NIR) we compile the national inventories for forests. This aspires to ascertain the carbon stock and its change within the five relevant pools (above-ground and below-ground biomass, deadwood, litter and soil) and to document the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O).

Our reporting system is compliant with the relevant rules and international guidelines. Therefore a focus of our work is to constantly improve our methods, so that accurate, consistent and complete surveys and calculations are secured.


According to the Kyoto reporting, for the first commitment period the carbon sequestration and emission respectively, for Afforestation and Deforestation (Article 3.3) as well as Forest Management (Article 3.4),  was determined. For Afforestation a sequestration amounting to -28.411 Gg CO2-eq., for Deforestation an emission of 11.416  Gg CO2- eq. and for Forest Management a sequestration of -233.292 Gg CO2-eq occurred. However only -22.733 Gg CO2-eq. could be credited for Forest Management due to a fixed maximum contribution-cap for the first commitment period.


Involved Thünen-Partners

Involved external Thünen-Partners


1.2007 - 9.2014

More Information

Projekt type:
Project status: finished


Results 1 - 5 of 8

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  1. Repenning J, Harthan RO, Blanck R, Böttcher H, Braungardt S, Bürger V, Emele L, Görz WK, Hennenberg K, Jörß W, Osterburg B, Rösemann C, Gensior A, Rock J, Stümer W, Rüter S, Fuß R, Tiemeyer B, Laggner A, Adam S, et al (2021) Projektionsbericht 2021 für Deutschland [online]. Berlin: BMU, 369 p, zu finden in <> [zitiert am 04.01.2022]
  2. Riedel T, Hennig P, Kroiher F, Polley H, Schmitz F, Schwitzgebel F (2017) Die dritte Bundeswaldinventur : BWI 2012 ; Inventur- und Auswertungsmethoden. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL), 115 p
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 3379 kb
  3. Riedel T, Kändler G (2017) Nationale Treibhausgasberichterstattung: Neue Funktionen zur Schätzung der oberirdischen Biomasse am Einzelbaum. Forstarchiv 88(2):29-56, DOI:10.4432/0300-4112-88-31
  4. Stümer W, Oehmichen K, Dunger K, Steuk J (2013) Chapter 11: Supplementary information required under article 7, paragraph 1 of the Kyoto Protocol. Clim Change 2013/9:662-687
  5. Freibauer A, Dunger K, Gensior A, Riedel T, Laggner A, Stümer W (2013) Chapter 19.5: Other detailed methodological descriptions for the source/sink category "Land-use change and forestry" (5). Clim Change 2013/9:787-809

Results 1 - 5 of 8

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