The international TEEB-initiative has spotlighted this „Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity”. Focussing specifically at Germany and its forests, two articles have recently been published in the journal ‚Ecosystem Services‘, which present the results of the German contribution to TEEB from a scientific point of view.
The first of these articles focuses at climate policy and the respective role of the various land use forms. Forests have an exceptional position here: actually, they are a sink rather than a source of carbon in Germany. The potential for carbon sequestration, however, is already largely exploited by current forest management. Remaining potentials for increasing carbon sequestration do not always harmonise with nature protection goals.
The second article puts ecosystem services of forests to the fore. Based at current knowledge, it quantifies and assesses which ecosystem services forests provide especially in the rural areas of Germany, what these services are worth in economic terms to forest enterprises and society, and how the provision of these services can be safeguarded and, possibly, be increased.