Institute of


Foreign trade balance

The foreign trade balance comprises imports and exports of all wood based goods. The total trade is subdivided into the commodity groups roundwood and residues, semi-finished wood products, pulp, paper and paperboard and finished wood based products.

Foreign trade balance of Germany with wood and wood based products from 1950 to 2020 in 1,000 cubic meters roundwood equivalent (m³(r))
also listed in section trade

(Net) foreign trade balance


Germanys (net) foreign trade balance of wood and wood based products for 2019 and 2020 in Mio USD and 1000 m³(r) (cubic meters roundwood equivalent)

  • Download chart - in Mio. Euro (pdf)
  • Download chart in 1.000 m3(r) (pdf)

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Further information

Flow chart of the wood and trade balance

Flow chart of the wood and trade balance of Germany 2019 in million in m³(r) (roundwood equivalent)



On the supply side, our wood balances comprise the logged roundwood volume, the quantity of domestic recovered paper and recovered wood and the imports. The use side shows the exports and domestic consumption. Changes in stocks of wood products are also recorded. Data sources are official statistics, statistics from industry federations and scientific studies. Data of annual fellings are taken from Thünen-Recalculation of Wood Fellings, beginning with the year 1995. The general time series of our data start in 1950.

Wood and wood based products comprises all wood based raw materials as well as semi-finished and finished products.

For the calculation we use the unit cubic meters of roundwood equivalent (m³(r)). This unit is a theoretical figure which expresses how many units of roundwood have been used for the manufacturing of a unit of a specific wood based product. Consequently, losses of wood during processing are considered.