In the public debate, rural areas are in general terms often described as regions of emigration. We analyse different migration directions and subjective motives in order to create a better empirical basis.
The decisions for or against residential locations in rural areas should be better empirically presented and understood than in the past, because they are not limited to emigration of certain age and social groups. The diversity of migrations related to rural areas and the decision-making processes on which they are based have so far hardly been systematically researched in Germany. One fundamental deficit is that there is (currently) no large nationwide survey that provides a sound overview of the causes and motivations.
Systematic comparisons between the existing surveys are made more difficult by the fact that, as a rule, a specific study design with only a few superordinate standards is used. The state of research thus presents itself as a disparate and incomplete overall picture with different individual findings, which are difficult to interpret with regard to the general relevance of certain phenomena. In addition, the majority of existing standardised surveys relate to the situation in urban regions and rarely focus on rural areas.
In this project, the migration associated with rural areas is to be investigated using various methods. The project also focuses on decisions to stay in rural areas and on multi-local housing. We concentrate on certain phases of life in which there are regular considerations regarding a change in the place of residence (e.g. beginning of training, starting a family or ending of working life).
As a result of the project a quantification of the different migration processes affecting rural areas can be expected since 2005. Migrations and decisions to stay in different phases of life are better understood than before. This allows for critically reviewing and empirically substantiating prevailing assumptions about the motives, mechanisms and causes of residential location decisions.
By way of an expert workshop to validate the findings and a research summary (brochure) targeted at the general public, the research results and policy recommendations will be communicated to relevant actors in politics, regional development and spatial planning.
9.2018 - 8.2021
Funding program: Bundesprogramm Ländliche Entwicklung
Project status: ongoing