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Institute of

LV Rural Studies


Does natural protection advice help the red kite?

Red kite
© Jürgen Hü
Red kite is approaching

Socio-economic evaluation of red kite (Milvus milvus) management with landscape management associations

Half of all red kites in the world live in Germany – meaning special responsibility on the part of Germany. The current population of about 11,000 breeding pairs around the world has been diminishing since 1991. That is why the German Association for Landscape Protection (DVL) has launched a project to the management of red kite measures in eleven project regions. Land users are advised on how they can protect breeding areas and make food available to the red kites. Thünen Institute staff evaluated this farm specific natural protection advice and draws recommendations for efficient and effective consultancy. 

Background and Objective

On our cultivated landscape, red kites have a very scarce food offering during the raising of their young, particularly in the months May and June. Farmers shall be animated to make the food search of red kites on fields easier in that they mow grassland more frequently. This helps the kites to catch their prey as well as to gather small mammals (for example, mice) killed in the mowing process. State specific agri-environment programs offer financial support for these measures. In order to promote the acceptance and implementation of the programs, farmers receive farm-specific advice. Our project considers the efficiency and effectiveness of the advice.


In eleven project regions in eight federal states, we use a standardized questionnaire to document primary farm data on land use by farmers who had a measurement advisory session. On the basis of this data we calculate the farm structure and representativeness of the participating farms in each region.  The consultancy process and the effectiveness of advice are studied with expert interviews. We question both consultants as well as those receiving the advice. In addition we survey a control group of land users who were not advised about the measures.

Data and Methods

The core of the data studied are

(1) quantitative farm data, that we gather with a standardized questionnaire.

(2) qualitative data on the consultancy process, which we gather from  thematically lead expert interviews with the consulants and the farmers.


We want to identify the factors leading to acceptance of the measures by farmers and the efficiency and effectiveness of the consultancy.


10.2014 - 12.2019

More Information

Project status: finished

Publications to the project

  1. 0

    Böhner HGS, Schmidt TG (2019) Beratung als Instrument für mehr Naturschutz in der Landwirtschaft - Evaluierung des Beratungsangebotes im Verbundprojekt "Rotmilan - Land zum Leben". Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 135 p, Thünen Working Paper 130, DOI:10.3220/WP1571042046000

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