Bioeconomy Monitoring


 (c) Thünen-Institut/AT

Development of a Systematic Monitoring of the Bioeconomy - Dimension 1: Resource Base and Sustainability / Production of Biomass

Food security, climate protection, biodiversity as well as supply of bio materials and renewable energy pose significantly challenges to our economy. But even the question of the actual state of bio-economy in Germany could not satisfactorily be answered. Not only the knowledge about the paths of bio-based material is lacking but also detailed data does often not exist. Thus, an assessment of the bio based economy is not possible.

Background and Objective

The objective is to develop the basics for a national monitoring system of present and future flows of biomass. Here, the resource base (biomass utilization/ biomass potential) has to be measured as well as the flow of the biomass right down to the end consumers. Possible changes of the supply chains as a result of further developments have been to take into account, too.

Target Group

Policy, economy


Reliable information is an essential foundation for policy decisions. We are therefore working:

  • to provide a solid database of the de facto development,
  • to develop manageable and summarizing balance sheets and indicators, which aggregate multitude data to informative key ratios.

Even if only dynamic technological development with new opportunities is considered, which has not been identified today, and the understanding of systemic relationships und interactions continously is expanded, we finally achieve a challenging modelling, which may be further improved.

On this basis an integrated approach for energy, material flow based and cross-sectoral, macroeconomic sustainability balance of the bioeconomy should be developed.


First project results of dimension 1 are available in the form of interim reports. These can be downloaded here (only available in German):


On 20.03.2018 the first status conference "Towards a sustainable bioeconomy" took place in Berlin. The results from all three dimensions involved were presented there.

The presentation of dimension 1 can be downloaded here (only available in German):

Aufbau eines systematischen Monitorings der Bioökonomie – Dimension 1: Ressourcenbasis und Nachhaltigkeit / Erzeugung der Biomasse

Links and Downloads

National Policy Strategy Bio Economy

National Research Strategy Bio Economy 2030

German Bio-Economy Council

Determination of Economic Indicators for Monitoring the Progress of the Bioeconomy


Involved Thünen-Partners

Funding Body

  • Federal Ministry of Food und Agriculture (BMEL)
    (national, öffentlich)


11.2016 - 2.2020

More Information

Projekt type:
Project funding number: 22002416
Project status: finished


hits: 6

  1. Weimar H, Iost S (2020) Bioökonomie - Fossil war gestern. Unser Wald(2):24-27
  2. Kuosmanen T, Kuosmanen N, El-Meligi A, Ronzon T, Gurria P, Iost S, M'barek R (2020) How big is the bioeconomy? : Reflections from an economic perspective. Luxembourg: Commission of the European Communities, 45 p, JRC Techn Rep, DOI:10.2760/144526
  3. Schweinle J, Geng N, Iost S, Weimar H, Jochem D (2020) Monitoring sustainability effects of the bioeconomy: a material flow based approach using the example of softwood lumber and its core product epal 1 pallet. Sustainability 12(6):2444, DOI:10.3390/su12062444
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 2966 kb
  4. Bringezu S, Banse M, Ahmann L, Bezama NA, Billig E, Bischof R, Blanke C, Brosowski A, Brüning S, Borchers M, Budzinski M, Cyffka K-F, Distelkamp M, Egenolf V, Geng N, Iost S, Jochem D, Machmüller A, Schweinle J, Weimar H, et al (2020) Pilotbericht zum Monitoring der deutschen Bioökonomie. Kassel: Center for Environmental Systems Research (CESR) ; Universität Kassel, 115 p, DOI:10.17170/kobra-202005131255
  5. Iost S, Geng N, Schweinle J, Banse M, Brüning S, Jochem D, Machmüller A, Weimar H (2020) Setting up a bioeconomy monitoring: Resource base and sustainability. Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 209 p, Thünen Working Paper 149, DOI:10.3220/WP1593762669000
    pdf document (limited accessibility) 7273 kb
  6. Iost S, Labonte NT, Banse M, Geng N, Jochem D, Schweinle J, Weber SA, Weimar H (2019) German bioeconomy: economic importance and concept of measurement [online]. German J Agric Econ 68(4):275-288, zu finden in <> [zitiert am 03.12.2019]