Organic farming implies an especially resource and environmental friendly form of land use. Therefore, the Federal Government appreciates the conversion of farms; in the context of its sustainability strategy it pursues the objective to shape the regulatory framework in such a way that in the coming years organic farming can obtain 20 % of the agricultural used land. So far the share is only 7 % and thus much lower. What would have to change so that organic farming in Germany grows further and the political objective could be met? In this context, how important is the development of organic farming in other countries?
In order to answer these questions and to provide policy advice, we have been analysing for more than 20 years the development of the organic sector in Europe from an economic and political perspective.
Our focus is on assessing how the current market situation and the political framework impact on the profitability of organic farms and under which conditions organic farming would be competitive with conventional production. In view of rising imports the question of international competitiveness of the German organic farming sector becomes more prominent. For this we analyse economic data of typical organic farms which we collect in the context of the agri benchmark Organic Network. In addition to that we evaluate the efficiency of the existing supporting schemes for organic farming and analyse the benefits of alternative political concepts.