Is it possible to reduce the high greenhouse gas emissions of intensively used grasslands on peat soils by adapted active water management?
The joint research project “SWAMPS” is coordinated by the Centre for Grassland Lower Saxony/Bremen. SWAMPS will evaluate different water management and grassland renovation methods to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from intensively used grassland on peat soils. Controlled subirrigation has not been tested in Germany before. Additionally, peatlands close to the sea are frequently covered with tidal clay sediments. In contrast to sand covers, there have no studies on these soils been conducted yet. The project “SWAMPS” follows an integrated approach and will evaluate agronomic parameters, greenhouse gas emissions, water quality and biodiversity.
The project will establish two detailed field studies on bog and fen peat, respectively, and furthermore investigate a complete polder area with heterogeneous groundwater levels and soil properties. The Thünen-Team is responsible for the measurement of greenhouse gas emissions. Using manual chambers, we will quantify the emissions of carbon dioxide (net ecosystem exchange), nitrous oxide and methane from grassland with different methods of water management (controlled subirrigation, ditch blocking, and control sites with free subsurface drainage). Furthermore, we will evaluate different methods of grassland renovation and its interaction with different water management methods as well as the effect of clay covers. Our results will be used as an input for management scenarios and for the evaluation of the integrated climate protection effect at the scale of farms and water management units (polders).
1.2016 - 12.2021
Project status: ongoing