Germany has committed itself to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions outside the CO2 emission trading by 14% in 2020 compared to 2005. This includes agricultural emissions. There are numerous options for climate change mitigation measures. Which options are most effective, what policy measures are suitable to reduce greenhouse gases and other environmental pollutant emissions from agriculture? These are central Thünen questions addressed in a trans-institute crosscutting manner.
We study and assess climate change mitigation strategies for agriculture in close interdisciplinary collaboration with our sister Thünen institutes and the Thünen staff unit for climate protection. Abatement costs are calculated and political governance instruments for climate change mitigation are evaluated. Our activities on climate change mitigation encompass the optimization of production in individual farms and farm types, regional climate change mitigation concepts as well as national and international climate policies. We test technical, structural and organizational approaches for climate change mitigation in agriculture and asses their efficacy in the national and international perspective. We analyze whether the national and European agricultural policy supports climate change mitigation; our findings feed into proposals for effective climate change mitigation measures.