Soil

 (c) M. Welling

We drive over the soil. It feeds us. It supports our “green lung”. We build on it. In a nutshell - it is the basis for our life. For a long time it seemed to be infinitely resilient. We have exposed it to compaction, erosion and pollution. When does soil use reach its limits? How can we maintain and improve soil fertility? How can we protect the giant stock of carbon stored in soil?

For some finite resources there are long-term alternatives. For instance, for energy sources: coal, mineral oil and natural gas are becoming less important as a consequence of wind and solar power, geo-thermals and bio-energy. However, there is no substitute for soil. We cannot exist without using it. "Set-aside" is not the answer of comprehensive soil conservation, so we develop concepts, that allow the protection of functional soils and land use go hand in hand. That’s why technologists, soil biologists, geochemists, soil scientists and economists from seven Thünen specialty institutes are working together to ensure that every technical innovation, every practice or policy-oriented recommendation on soil use takes into account its ecological functionality. We are guided by the following core principles:

  • Soils are not renewable. For Germany, daily land consumption is calculated to more than 70 hectares, this is mainly agricultural land. Thünen researchers make the consequences of this trend transparent. The agricultural value added and the rural landscape diversity are at risk. Above all, we are working on technologies to manage soils as efficiently and responsibly as possible in order to secure food security even on a diminishing area under cultivation.
  • The climatic footprint of forest soils and agricultural land. Soils can be a sink for atmospheric carbon, but if used unadapted they can release huge amounts of greenhouse gases. That is why we are analysing the impact of land management and land use changes on emissions. And we assess the impact of various production systems on global climate.
  • Soils are an incredible habitat. An unimagined cosmos of microorganisms and soil inhabitants ensure that soil remains fertile. Only with healthy soils, we can ensure sufficient yields and enough food for a growing world population. In our research, we aspire to understand soil biodiversity and utilize it as a production factor for tomorrow’s agriculture.
  • Soils are threatened. Wind and water can remove the fertile topsoil. The heavy loads of agricultural and forestry machinery can damage soil structure and influence its functions. We develop methods to gauge this stress in situ and develop technical solutions to keep a resilient soil structure even under tillage.

In 2013, we established the Thünen Staff Unit Soil as a knowledge hub for our expertise in technology, natural sciences and economy on the topic of soil. With this strategic decision we underline the great importance of soils and enable ourselves to provide even better information for the political decision makers, the soil users and the society.

 (©  )
Soil monitoring: Stethoscope on underground
All agriculture and forestry is based on soil. Soils supply plants with water and nutrients and are a living universe of smaller and larger creatures. But soil has many more functions…
 (©  Thünen-Institut/Quentin Schorpp)
Soil organisms: The underfoot universe
How the enormous diversity of soil creatures regenerates, how they interact with one another and with agriculture – and how our research benefits and serves the continuance of these animals, bacteria, archaea, fungi
 (©  aid infodienst/P. Meyer)
Soil Protection: Good agricultural practice
Soils build up extremely slowly. They have been developing since the last Ice Age about 10 thousand years ago. Even now, new soil is building up. However, we should see soil as a non-renewable limited resource.
 (©  Thünen-Institut)
Mehr Wasser – Umdenken bei der Nutzung organischer Böden
Über Jahrtausende haben Moore Kohlenstoff gebunden. Ihre Entwässerung im Zuge landwirtschaftlicher Nutzung setzt große Mengen Treibhausgase frei. Auch andere Ökosystem-Dienstleistungen leiden. Wie wollen wir organische Böden künftig nutzen?

News

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Events

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Jobs

Vacancies are mainly available in German.

Projects

State: Institute:
State Institute Institutabk Title Begin BeginnSort End EndeSort
ongoing bdDiverIMPACTSJun 20172017-01May 20222022-01
ongoing bd,maSoilMan – Ecological and economic relevance of soil biodiversity in agricultural systemsMar 20172017-01Feb 20202020-01
ongoing akDenitrification control in agricultural soilsJun 20162016-01May 20192019-01
ongoing lr.Jun 20162016-01
ongoing akWater management for the reduction of GHG emissions from grasslands on peat soils (SWAMPS)Jan 20162016-01Jun 20192019-01
ongoing akSOIL3Oct 20152015-01Dec 20182018-01
ongoing akSphagnum Farming: Effects on biodiversity and climate protection Sep 20152015-01Aug 20192019-01
ongoing at,lrSOILAssistAug 20152015-01Jul 20182018-01
ongoing lr,atSOILAssist – protecting and improving soil functions through intelligent land management Aug 20152015-01Jul 20182018-01
ongoing lr,bw,wf5-Länder-Evaluation: What are the effects of financing rural development on agriculture, on environment and well-being in rural areas?May 20152015-01Dec 20242024-01
ongoing akQuantification of denitrification using stable isotopesApr 20152015-01Mar 20182018-01
ongoing ak,lrCAOS - Climate Smart Agriculture on Organic SoilsFeb 20152015-01Jan 20182018-01
ongoing bdHow do soil properties affect the survival of bacterial pathogens?Nov 20142014-01Dec 20172017-01
ongoing bwAutonomous agricultural machineryOct 20142014-01Oct 20172017-01
ongoing akLaughing gas from fungi?Jun 20142014-01Dec 20172017-01
completed at,akoptimized climate farmOct 20132013-01Mar 20172017-01
completed akSoil carbon burialOct 20132013-01Feb 20172017-01
completed akGreenhouse gas effects of nature conservation measuresOct 20132013-01Jan 20152015-01
completed ak,atClimate-smart adaptation strategies for agriculture II - gas emission work package Oct 20132013-01Mar 20172017-01
completed womethod to estimate the condition of forest soil properties of waterlogged soilsJul 20132013-01Dec 20142014-01
ongoing akSUBSOMMay 20132013-01Dec 20192019-01
completed bw,lrWhat are the impacts of the EU rural development programmes on the environment? New methods for environmental evaluationJan 20132013-01Feb 20162016-01
completed akGreenhouse gas emissions following grassland renovationJan 20132013-01Dec 20152015-01
completed woAutonomous technology for power supply in the intensive forest monitoringSep 20122012-01Jul 20142014-01
ongoing ak,at Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from rapeseed cultivationAug 20122012-01Aug 20172017-01
completed ma,lr,akFACCE MACSUR - Agriculture and Climate ChangeJun 20122012-01Jun 20172017-01
completed olGrassland and phosphorous flows - mobilisation by growthJun 20122012-01Dec 20162016-01
completed bdEarthworm-based test system applied for environmental risk assessmentApr 20122012-01Dec 20142014-01
completed bdAssessment of the cup plant based on soil biodiversityMar 20122012-01Feb 20152015-01
ongoing ol,bdReduced tillage for soil lifeMar 20122012-01Dec 20172017-01
completed bdPool of information on earthworms and collembolansJan 20122012-01Aug 20122012-01
completed akRisk assessment for soil organic carbon stocksJan 20122012-01Mar 20152015-01
completed bdAMIGA - Microbiome Analyses of Maize and PotatoesDec 20112011-01Nov 20152015-01
completed akValidation of denitrification modelsNov 20112011-01Sep 20142014-01
completed akN2O isotope fractionation methodOct 20112011-01Mar 20152015-01
completed bdClostridum botulinum - A risk for agricultural biogas production plants?Sep 20112011-01Dec 20142014-01
completed woSampling based survey of the soil conditions of forest sitesJul 20112011-01Dec 20122012-01
completed akBEST - bioenergy for climate mitigationJan 20112011-01Feb 20142014-01
completed ak,olHow much greenhouse gases do grass-clover crop sequences emit?Oct 20102010-01May 20132013-01
completed atSite-specific life cycle assessment of energy cropsSep 20102010-01Jun 20152015-01
completed woCarbon and nutrient storage of forest sites of Rhineland-PalatinateSep 20102010-01Jan 20142014-01
completed ak,bdEffect of summer drought and fertilizer application techniques on emission of greenhouse gases from arable soilsJul 20102010-01Nov 20142014-01
ongoing woSoil Carbon in Forest SoilsJun 20102010-01Dec 20162016-01
completed akPathways of N2O production and associated isotope effects in arable and grassland soils with special emphasis on the distinction between fungal and bacterial denitrificationApr 20102010-01Jun 20132013-01
completed olThe future of grain legumesMar 20102010-01Feb 20142014-01
completed akGHG-EuropeJan 20102010-01Sep 20132013-01
completed ak,olGrassland conversion to arable land and greenhouse gas emissionsJan 20102010-01Dec 20142014-01
completed akBiochar in agricultureJan 20102010-01Dec 20152015-01
completed bd,atHow respond soil organisms to soil tillage systems?Nov 20092009-01Dec 20112011-01
completed bd,atBiological control of phytopathogenic fungiMay 20092009-01Jun 20152015-01
completed akJoint research project 'Organic soils'Mar 20092009-01Dec 20122012-01
ongoing woCritical Loads for forest ecosystems in Germany (National Forest Soil Inventory)Feb 20092009-01Dec 20162016-01
ongoing woNational Forest Soil Inventory in Germany – Data quality and data managementFeb 20092009-01Dec 20162016-01
completed olOptimization of spring- and winter pea cultivation by intercropping and a reduced intensity of soil tillageAug 20082008-01Jun 20132013-01
ongoing akGerman agricultural soil inventoryApr 20082008-01Dec 20182018-01
completed woInventory Study 2008Jan 20082008-01Jun 20092009-01
completed bdSoil microbial communities - microhabitats support diversityNov 20072007-01Dec 20132013-01
completed lr,bw,wf7-State-Evaluation: environment, economic growth, employment and life-quality in rural areasNov 20062006-01Jun 20172017-01
ongoing atmultiple sensor system concerning soil conservationOct 20062006-01Dec 20202020-01
ongoing atDetermination of crop soil coverJan 20042004-01Dec 20162016-01
ongoing bdSoil fauna diversity in agroecosystemsAug 20032003-01Dec 20202020-01
ongoing bdFunctional relevance of soil faunaAug 20032003-01Dec 20202020-01
ongoing lrWhat impact do agri-environmental programs have?Jan 20012001-01Dec 20172017-01
ongoing ol,bdLong term effects of organic farming systemsJan 20012001-01Dec 20202020-01
ongoing woNational Forest Soil InventoryJan 20012001-01Dec 20162016-01
ongoing at,bdsoil conserving field trafficJan 20012001-01Dec 20252025-01
ongoing bdEcological risks caused by genetic modifications?Jan 20012001-01Dec 20182018-01
ongoing bdMicrobiom analyses - method development and bioinformaticsJan 20012001-01Dec 20192019-01
ongoing lr,bw What is the best way to evaluate Rural Development Programmes?Jan 20012001-01Dec 20242024-01
completed bdGenetically tagged rhizobia in the fieldMar 19981998-01Feb 20062006-01
ongoing woLevel IIJan 19951995-01
ongoing at,bdSite adapted soil tillageJan 19931993-01Dec 20202020-01

Publications

YearTitleDownload
2017Urso L-M, Wegener JK, Hörsten D von, Kottmann L, Minßen T-F, Gaus C-C (2017) Der Pflanzenbau der Zukunft - Ist ein Neudenken erforderlich? GI Edititon Proc 268:149-152
2017Wegener JK, Urso L-M, Hörsten D von, Minßen T-F, Gaus C-C (2017) Developing new cropping systems - which informative techniques are required? Landtechnik 72(2):91-100, DOI:10.15150/lt.2017.3156pdf document
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2017Schorpp Q, Schrader S (2017) Dynamic of nematode communities in energy plant cropping systems. Eur J Soil Biol 78(1):92-101, DOI:10.1016/j.ejsobi.2016.12.002
2017Frank S, Tiemeyer B, Bechtold M, Lücke A, Bol R (2017) Effect of past peat cultivation practices on present dynamics of dissolved organic carbon. Sci Total Environ 574:1243-1253, DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.07.121pdf document
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 2834 kb
2017Ohm M, Paulsen HM, Moos JH, Eichler-Löbermann B (2017) Long-term negative phosphorus budgets in organic crop rotations deplete plant-available phosphorus from soil. Agronomy Sustainable Dev 37(3):17, DOI:10.1007/s13593-017-0425-y
2017Tiemeyer B, Bechtold M, Belting S, Freibauer A, Förster C, Schubert E, Dettmann U, Frank S, Fuchs D, Gelbrecht J, Jeuther B, Laggner A, Rosinski E, Leiber-Sauheitl K, Sachteleben J, Zak D, Drösler M (2017) Moorschutz in Deutschland - Optimierung des Moormanagements in Hinblick auf den Schutz der Biodiversität und der Ökosystemleistungen : Bewertungsinstrumente und Erhebung von Indikatoren. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz, 319 p, BfN Skripten 462, DOI:10.19217/skr462
2017Wegener JK, Urso L-M, Hörsten D von, Minßen T-F, Gaus C-C (2017) Neue Pflanzenbausysteme entwickeln - welche innovativen Techniken werden benötigt? Landtechnik 72(2):91-100, DOI:10.15150/lt.2017.3156pdf document
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 368 kb
2017Tiemeyer B, Pfaffner N, Frank S, Kaiser K, Fiedler S (2017) Pore water velocity and ionic strength effects on DOC release from peat-sand mixtures: results from laboratory and field experiments. Geoderma 296:86-97, DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.02.024pdf document
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2017Schneider F, Don A, Hennings I, Schmittmann O, Seidel SJ (2017) The effect of deep tillage on crop yield - What do we really know? Soil Tillage Res 174:193-204, DOI:10.1016/j.still.2017.07.005
2017Untenecker J, Tiemeyer B, Freibauer A, Laggner A, Luterbacher J (2017) Tracking changes in the land use, management and drainage status of organic soils as indicators of the effectiveness of mitigation strategies for climate change. Ecol Indic 72:459-472, DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.08.004pdf document
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2016Schorpp Q, Müller AL, Schrader S, Dauber J (2016) Agrarökologisches Potential der Durchwachsenen Silphie (Silphium perfoliatum L.) aus Sicht biologischer Vielfalt. J Kulturpfl 68(12):412-422, DOI:10.1399/jfk.2016.12.12
2016Paulsen HM (2016) Bedeutung der Bodenfruchtbarkeit für den ökologischen Landbau [online]. , zu finden in <http://www.bmel.de/DE/Landwirtschaft/Pflanzenbau/Boden/_Texte/Bodenfruchtbarkeit.html> [zitiert am 14.12.2016]
2016Schrader S (2016) Bodeninvertebraten sind entscheidende ökologische Leistungsträger. Agrobiodiversität 39:67-80
2016Styles D, Börjesson P, Hertefeldt Td', Birkhofer K, Dauber J, Adams P, Patil S, Pagella T, Pettersson LB, Peck P, Vaneeckhaute C, Rosenqvist H (2016) Climate regulation, energy provisioning and water purification: quantifying ecosystem service delivery of bioenergy willow grown on riparian buffer zones using life cycle assessment. Ambio 45(8):872-884, DOI:10.1007/s13280-016-0790-9
2016Dettmann U, Bechtold M (2016) Deriving effective soil water retention characteristics from shallow water table fluctuations in peatlands. Vadose Zone J 15(10):1-13, DOI:10.2136/vzj2016.04.0029pdf document
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2016Schorpp Q, Schrader S (2016) Earthworm functional groups respond to the perennial energy cropping system of the cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum L.). Biomass Bioenergy 87:61-68, DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.02.009
2016Untenecker J, Tiemeyer B, Freibauer A, Laggner A, Braumann F, Luterbacher J (2016) Fine-grained detection of land use and water table changes on organic soils over the period 1992–2012 using multiple data sources in the Drömling nature park, Germany. Land Use Pol 57:164-178, DOI:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.04.016pdf document
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2016Tiemeyer B, Albiac-Borraz E, Augustin J, Bechtold M, Beetz S, Beyer C, Drösler M, Ebli M, Eickenscheidt T, Fiedler S, Förster C, Freibauer A, Giebels M, Glatzel S, Heinichen J, Hoffmann M, Höper H, Jurasinski G, Leiber-Sauheitl K, Peichl-Brak M, et al (2016) High emissions of greenhouse gases from grasslands on peat and other organic soils. Global Change Biol 22:4134-4149, DOI:10.1111/gcb.13303
2016Hoffmann H, Zhao G, Asseng S, Bindi M, Biernath C, Constantin J, Coucheney E, Dechow R, Doro L, Eckersteen H, Gaiser T, Grosz BP, Heinlein F, Kassie BT, Kersebaum KC, Klein C, Kuhnert M, Lewan E, Moriondo M, Nendel C, et al (2016) Impact of spatial soil and climate input data aggregation on regional yield simulations. PLoS One 11(4):e0151782, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0151782pdf document
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 4125 kb
2016Schorpp Q, Riggers C, Lewicka-Szczebak D, Giesemann A, Well R, Schrader S (2016) Influence of Lumbricus terrestris and Folsomia candida on N2O formation pathways in two different soils - with particular focus on N2 emissions. Rapid Comm Mass Spectrometry 30(21):2301-2314, DOI:10.1002/rcm.7716
2016Altdorff D, Bechtold M, Kruk J van der, Vereecken H, Huisman JA (2016) Mapping peat layer properties with multi-coil offset electromagnetic induction and laser scanning elevation data. Geoderma 261:178-189, DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.07.015
2016Wolfarth F, Schrader S, Oldenburg E, Brunotte J (2016) Mycotoxin contamination and its regulation by the earthworm species Lumbricus terrestris in presence of other soil fauna in an agroecosystem. Plant Soil 402(1-2):331-342, DOI:10.1007/s11104-015-2772-2
2016Moos JH, Schrader S, Paulsen HM, Rahmann G (2016) Occasional reduced tillage in organic farming can promote earthworm performance and resource efficiency. Appl Soil Ecol 103:22-30, DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.01.017
2016Dettmann U, Bechtold M (2016) One-dimensional expression to calculate specific yield for shallow groundwater systems with microrelief. Hydrol Process 30(2):334-340, DOI:10.1002/hyp.10637pdf document
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2016Paulsen HM, Köpke U, Oberson A, Rahmann G (2016) Phosphorus - the predicament of organic farming. In: Schnug E, Kok LJ (eds) Phosphorus in Agriculture: 100 % Zero . Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp 195-213
2016Schmidt O, Dyckmans J, Schrader S (2016) Photoautotrophic microorganisms as a carbon source for temperate soil invertebrates. Biol Lett 12:Art. 20150646, DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0646
2016Anderson T-H, Paulsen HM (2016) Response time of soil microbial biomass after conversion from conventional to several different organic farming systems. Landbauforsch Appl Agric Forestry Res 66(4):258-271, DOI:10.3220/LBF1479196953000pdf document
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 474 kb
2016Dauber J, Müller AL, Schittenhelm S, Schoo B, Schorpp Q, Schrader S, Schroetter S (2016) Schlussbericht zum Vorhaben : Thema: Agrarökologische Bewertung der Durchwachsenen Silphie (Silphium perfoliatum L.) als eine Biomassepflanze der Zukunft ; Teilvorhaben 1: Ober- und unterirdische Biodiversität in Beständen der Durchwachsenen Silphie ; Teilvorhaben 2: Wasserhaushalt und Ökophysiologie der Durchwachsenen Silphie ; Laufzeit: 01.02.2012 bis 31.07.2015. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL), 126 ppdf document
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2016Capelle C van, Schrader S, Arpaia S (2016) Selection of focal earthworm species as non-target soil organisms for environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants. Sci Total Environ 548-549:360-369, DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.165
2016Minßen T-F, Gaus C-C, Urso L-M (2016) Systematische Anforderungen an ein autonomes Großtechnikszenario als zukünftiges Pflanzenbausystem. In: Ruckelshausen A, Meyer-Aurich A, Rath T (eds) Informatik in der Land-, Forst- und Ernährungswirtschaft : Fokus: Intelligente Systeme - Stand der Technik und neue Möglichkeiten ; Referate der 36. GIL-Jahrestagung, 22. und 23. Februar 2016, Osnabrück ; Proceedings. Weihenstephan: GIL, pp 129-132
2015Gaus C-C, Minßen T-F, Urso L-M, Frerichs L, Hörsten D von, Nieberg H, Schattenberg J, Wegener JK, Witte T de (2015) Agrarsysteme der Zukunft: Neue Pflanzenbausysteme mit autonomen Landmaschinen : BMBF Wettbewerb der Visionen ; Beitrag zum Kreativ Workshop, At Potsdam ; 14.-16.9.2015. Braunschweig: Thünen-Institut, 4 p
2015Minßen T-F, Urso L-M, Gaus C-C, Frerichs L, Backhaus GF, Isermeyer F (2015) Autonomous agricultural machinery for new plant production systems. VDI Ber 2251:127-132
2015Bauwe A, Tiemeyer B, Kahle P, Lennartz B (2015) Classifying hydrological events to quantify their impact on nitrate leaching across three spatial scales. J Hydrol 531(3):581-601, DOI:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.10.069
2015Walter K, Don A, Fuß R, Kern J, Drewer J, Flessa H (2015) Direct nitrous oxide emissions from oilseed rape cropping - a meta-analysis. Global Change Biol Bioenergy 7(6):1260-1271, DOI:10.1111/gcbb.12223
2015Ren H, Han G, Ohm M, Schönbach P, Gierus M, Taube F (2015) Do sheep grazing patterns affect ecosystem functioning in steppe grassland ecosystems in Inner Mongolia? Agric Ecosyst Environ 213:1-10, DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2015.07.015
2015Eibisch N, Schroll R, Fuß R (2015) Effect of pyrochar and hydrochar amendments on the mineralization of the herbicide isoproturon in an agricultural soil. Chemosphere 134:528-535, DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.11.074
2015Pacholski A, Manderscheid R, Weigel H-J (2015) Effects of free air CO2 enrichment on root growth of barley, sugar beet and wheat grown in a rotation under different nitrogen supply. Eur J Agron 63:36-46, DOI:10.1016/j.eja.2014.10.005
2015Köchy M, Hiederer R, Freibauer A (2015) Global distribution of soil organic carbon, based on the Harmonized World Soil Database - Part 1: Masses and frequency distribution of SOC stocks for the tropics, permafrost regions, wetlands, and the world. Soil 1:351-365, DOI:10.5194/soil-1-351-2015pdf document
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2015Köchy M, Don A, Molen MK van der, Freibauer A (2015) Global distribution of soil organic carbon, based on the Harmonized World Soil Database - Part 2: Certainty of changes related to land-use and climate. Soil 1:367-380, DOI:10.5194/soil-1-367-2015pdf document
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 5154 kb
2015Freibauer A (2015) Großinventur auf deutschen Äckern. Ökol Landbau(4):15-17
2015Minßen T-F, Urso L-M, Gaus C-C, Frerichs L (2015) Mit autonomen Landmaschinen zu neuen Pflanzenbausystemen. ATZ Offhighway Sonderausgabe(Oktober):6-11
2015Walter K, Don A, Flessa H (2015) No general soil carbon sequestration under Central European short rotation coppices. Global Change Biol Bioenergy 7(4):727-740, DOI:10.1111/gcbb.12177
2015Moos JH, Paulsen HM, Schrader S, Rahmann G (2015) Ökologische und Ökonomische Auswirkungen des zeitweisen Pflugverzichts beim Anbau von Triticale und Kleegras. In: Häring AM, Hörning B, Hoffmann-Bahnsen R, Luley H (eds) Beiträge zur 13. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau "Am Mut hängt der Erfolg: Rückblicke und Ausblicke auf die ökologische Landbewirtschaftung". pp 90-93
2015Ohm M, Schüler M, Paulsen HM (2015) Phosphor-Bodenbilanzen von Grünland- und Ackerflächen auf einem ökologischen Milchviehbetrieb. In: Häring AM, Hörning B, Hoffmann-Bahnsen R, Luley H (eds) Beiträge zur 13. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau "Am Mut hängt der Erfolg: Rückblicke und Ausblicke auf die ökologische Landbewirtschaftung". pp 276-279
2015Eibisch N, Schroll R, Fuß R, Mikutta R, Helfrich M, Flessa H (2015) Pyrochars and hydrochars differently alter the sorption of the herbicide isoprotyron in an agricultural soil. Chemosphere 119:155-162, DOI:10.1016/j.chemospere.2014.05.059
2015Ohm M, Schüler M, Fystro G, Paulsen HM (2015) Redistribution of soil phosphorus from grassland to cropland in an organic dairy farm. Landbauforsch Appl Agric Forestry Res 65(3/4):193-204, DOI:10.3220/LBF1452867403000pdf document
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 1130 kb
2015Wolfarth F, Wedekind S, Schrader S, Oldenburg E, Brunotte J (2015) Regulation of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol by Folsomia candida (Collembola) and Aphelenchoides saprophilus (Nematoda) in an on-farm experiment. Pedobiologia 58(1):41-47, DOI:10.1016/j.pedobi.2015.01.003
2015Leiber-Sauheitl K, Fuß R, Burkart S, Buegger F, Dänicke S, Meyer U, Petzke KJ, Freibauer A (2015) Sheep excreta cause no positive priming of peat-derived CO2 and N2O emissions. Soil Biol Biochem 88:282-293, DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.06.001pdf document
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 1007 kb
2014Huang T, Gao B, Hu X-K, Lu X, Well R, Christie P, Bakken LR, Ju X (2014) Ammonia-oxidation as an engine to generate nitrous oxide in an intensively managed calcarous Fluvo-aquic soil. Sci Rep 4:3950, DOI:10.1038/srep03950pdf document
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 869 kb
2014Rohe L, Anderson T-H, Braker G, Flessa H, Giesemann A, Lewicka-Szczebak D, Wrage-Mönnig N, Well R (2014) Dual isotope and isotopomer signatures of nitrous oxide from fungal denitrification - a pure culture study. Rapid Comm Mass Spectrometry 28:1893-1903, DOI:10.1002/rcm.6975
2014Gronle A, Böhm H, Hess J (2014) Effect of intercropping winter peas of differing leaf type and time of flowering on annual weed infestation in deep and shallow ploughed soils and on pea pests. Landbauforsch Appl Agric Forestry Res 64(1):31-44, DOI:10.3220/LBF_2014_31-44pdf document
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2014Böhm H (2014) Ertragsleistung und Winterhärte von Winterformen der Erbsen (Pisum sativum L.) unter norddeutschen Standortbedingungen. Mitt Gesellsch Pflanzenbauwiss 26:102-103
2014Lewicka-Szczebak D, Well R, Köster JR, Fuß R, Senbayram M, Dittert K, Flessa H (2014) Experimental determinations of isotopic fractionation factors associated with N2O production and reduction during denitrification in soils. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 134:55-73, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.03.010
2014Schrader S, Wolfarth F, Oldenburg E, Brunotte J (2014) Förderung der Bodengesundheit – Bodentiere dezimieren Schadpilze und ihre Toxine. Forschungsreport Ernähr Landwirtsch Verbrauchersch(1):4-7pdf document
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 323 kb
2014Rohe L, Anderson T-H, Braker G, Flessa H, Giesemann A, Wrage-Mönnig N, Well R (2014) Fungal oxygen exchange between denitrification intermediates and water. Rapid Comm Mass Spectrometry 28(4):377-384, DOI:10.1002/rcm.6790
2014Hilbrig L, Wellbrock N, Bielefeldt J (2014) Harmonisierte Bestandesinventur Zweite Bundesweite Bodenzustandserhebung BZE II, Methode. Eberswalde: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 52 p, Thünen Working Paper 26, DOI:10.3220/WP_26_2014pdf document
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2014Frank S, Tiemeyer B, Gelbrecht J, Freibauer A (2014) High soil solution carbon and nitrogen concentrations in a drained Atlantic bog are reduced to natural levels by 10 years of rewetting. Biogeosciences 11:2309-2324, DOI:10.5194/bg-11-2309-2014pdf document
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2014Grüneberg E, Ziche D, Wellbrock N (2014) Organic carbon stocks and sequestration rates of forest soils in Germany. Global Change Biol 20(8):2644-2662, DOI:10.1111/gcb.12558pdf document
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2013Lewicka-Szczebak D, Senbayram M, Köster JR, Well R (2013) Isotope fractionation factors of N2O production and reduction by denitrification: b. Modeling data from soil incubation under N2-free atmosphere. Geophys Res Abstr 15:8864pdf document
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2013Tiemeyer B, Freibauer A, Drösler M, Albiac-Borraz E, Augustin J, Bechtold M, Beetz S, Belting S, Bernrieder M, Beyer C, Eberl J, Eickenscheidt T, Fell H, Fiedler S, Förster C, Frahm E, Frank S, Laggner A, Leiber-Sauheitl K, Röhling S, et al (2013) Klimarelevanz von Mooren und Anmooren in Deutschland: Ergebnisse aus dem Verbundprojekt "Organische Böden in der Emissionsberichterstattung". Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, 18 p, Thünen Working Paper 15, DOI:10.3220/WP_15_2013pdf document
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2010Czajkowski T, Ahrends B, Bolte A (2010) Critical limits of soil water availability (CL-SWA) for central European forest trees. Int Forestry Rev 12(5):43-44
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2010Meijide A, Cardenas L M, Bol R, Bergstermann A, Goulding K, Well R, Vallejo A, Scholefield D (2010) Dual isotope and isotopomer measurements for the understanding of N2O production and consumption during denitrification in an arable soil. Eur J Soil Sci 61(3):364-374, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01233.x
2010Bergstermann A, Cardenas L M, Bol R, Gilliam L, Goulding K, Meijide A, Scholefield D, Vallejo A, Well R (2010) Effect of antecedent soil moisture conditions on emissions and isotopologue distribution of N2O during denitrification. Soil Biol Biochem 43(2):240-250
2010Jacobs A, Helfrich M, Hanisch S, Quendt U, Rauber R, Ludwig B (2010) Effect of conventional and minimum tillage on physical and biochemical stabilization of soil organic matter. Biol Fertil Soils 46(7):671-680, DOI:10.1007/s00374-010-0472-x
2010Röhling S, Rötzer T, Pretzsch H (2010) Einfluss des Klimas auf die Kohlenstoffspeicherungvon Moorwäldern. Ber Meteorol Inst Univ Freiburg 20:165-171
2010Haenel H-D, Freibauer A, Rösemann C, Poddey E, Gensior A, Eurich-Menden B, Döhler H (2010) Emissionen landwirtschaftlich genutzter Böden im Rahmen der deutschen Klimaberichterstattung. KTBL Schr 483:11-25
2010Beylich A, Oberholzer H-R, Schrader S, Höper H, Wilke BM (2010) Evaluation of soil compaction effects on soil biota and soil biological processes in soils. Soil Tillage Res 109(2):133-143, DOI:10.1016/j.still.2010.05.010
2010Köchy M, Freibauer A (2010) Global spatial distribution of wetlands. Braunschweig: vTI, 8 ppdf document
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2010Roth G, Gensior A, Helfrich M, Well R, Freibauer A, Flessa H (2010) Grünlandumbruch, Grünlanderneuerungsumbruch, Etablierung von Grünland (GURU) . KTBL Schr 483:271-274
2010Well R, Butterbach-Bahl K (2010) Indirect emissions of N2O from N deposition and leaching of agricultural N. In: Smith K (ed) Nitrous oxide and climate change. London: Earthscan Publications, pp 162-189
2010Helfrich M, Flessa H, Dreves A, Ludwig B (2010) Is thermal oxidation at different temperatures suitable to isolate soil organic carbon fractions with different turnover? J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 173(1):61-66, DOI:10.1002/jpln.200700280
2010Bach M, Freibauer A, Heidkamp A, Siebner C (2010) Kohlenstoffvorräte im Boden erfassen. Land Forst 163(48):16
2010Helfrich M, Flessa H, Ludwig B (2010) Modelling carbon dynamics in subsoils using simple models. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 173(5):671-677, DOI:10.1002/jpln.200900050
2010Grüneberg E, Schöning I, Kalko EK, Weisser WW (2010) Regional organic carbon stock variability: a comparison between depth increments and soil horizons. Geoderma 155(3-4):426-433, DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.01.002
2010Köchy M (2010) Update on land cover change for use in global carbon observation. Braunschweig: vTI, 7 p, Framework Progr 7
2010Fründ HC, Butt K, Capowiez Y, Eisenhauer N, Emmerling N, Ernst G, Potthoff M, Schädler M, Schrader S (2010) Using earthworms as model organisms in the laboratory: Recommendations for experimental implementations. Pedobiologia 53(2):119-125, doi:10.1016/j.pedobi.2009.07.002
2009Helfrich M, Ludwig B, Mikutta R, Dreves A, Flessa H (2009) Bewertung chemischer Fraktionierungsverfahren zur Gewinnung stabiler Pools der organischen Bodensubstanz. In: Freibauer A, Osterburg B (eds) Aktiver Klimaschutz und Anpassung an den Klimawandel - Beiträge der Agrar- und Forstwirtschaft : 15.-16. Juni 2009 Braunschweig ; Tagungsband. Braunschweig: vTI, p 106
2009Paulsen HM, Schrader S, Schnug E (2009) Eine kritische Analyse von Ruschs Theorien zur Bodenfruchtbarkeit als Grundlage für die Bodenbewirtschaftung im Ökologischen Landbau. Landbauforsch 59(3):253-268pdf document
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2009Butz-Braun R, Schobel S, Wellbrock N (2009) Entwicklung einer mineralogisch basierten Substratklassifikation von Waldböden [online]. In: Jahrestagung der DBG - Kommission VII "Böden - eine endliche Ressource", DBG, September 2009, Bonn. p 2, zu finden in <http://eprints.dbges.de/363/1/DBG_2009_Mineralogische_Substratklassen.pdf> [zitiert am 25.05.2010]
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2009Schrader S, Bender J, Weigel H-J (2009) Ozone exposure of field-grown winter wheat affects soil mesofauna in the rhizosphere. Environ Pollut 157(12):3357-3362, DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.06.031
2009Ilg K, Wellbrock N, Lux W (2009) Phosphorus supply and cycling at long-term forest monitoring sites in Germany. Eur J Forest Res 128(5):483-492, DOI:10.1007/s10342-009-0297-z
2009Sticht C, Schrader S, Giesemann A, Weigel H-J (2009) Sensitivity of nematode feeding types in arable soil to free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) is crop specific. Pedobiologia 52(5):337-349, DOI:10.1016/j.pedobi.2008.12.001
2008Bach M (2008) Äolische Stofftransporte in Agrarlandschaften - Experimentelle Untersuchungen und räumliche Modellierung von Bodenerosionsprozessen durch Wind. Kiel: Univ, IX, 129 p, Kiel, Univ, Diss, 2008
2008Sticht C, Schrader S, Giesemann A, Weigel H-J (2008) Atmospheric CO2 enrichment induces life strategy- and species-specific responses of collembolans in the rhizosphere of sugar beet and winter wheat. Soil Biol Biochem 40(6):1432-1445, DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.12.022
2008Schrader S, Münchenberg T, Baumgarte S, Tebbe C (2008) Earthworms of different functional groups affect the fate of the Bt-toxin Cry1Ab from transgenic maize in soil. Eur J Soil Biol 44(3):283-289, DOI:10.1016/j.ejsobi.2008.04.003
2008Helfrich M, Ludwig B, Potthoff M, Flessa H (2008) Effect of litter quality and soil fungion macroaggregate dynamics and associated partitioning of litter carbon and nitrogen. Soil Biol Biochem 40(7):1823-1835, DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.03.006
2008Oldenburg E, Kramer S, Schrader S, Weinert J (2008) Impact of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris on the degradation of Fusarium-infected and deoxynivalenol-contaminated wheat straw. Soil Biol Biochem 40(12):3049-3053, DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.09.004
2008Flessa H, Amelung W, Helfrich M, Wiesenberg GLB, Gleixner G, Brodowski S, Rethemeyer J, Kramer C, Grootes PM (2008) Storage and stability of organic matter and fossil carbon in a Luvisol and Phaeozem with continuous maize cropping: a synthesis. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 171(1):36-51, DOI:10.1020/jpln.200700050
2008Bolte A, Wellbrock N, Lux W, Strich S, Steinhauser D (2008) Waldmonitoring und Umweltpolitik : forstliches Umweltmonitoring zur internationalen Berichterstattung. AFZ Wald 63(17):921-923pdf document
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2007Schrader S, Rogasik H, Onasch I, Jégou D (2007) Assessment of soil structural differentiation around earthworm burrows by means of X-ray computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy. Geoderma 137(3-4):378-387, DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.08.030
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2007Bach M, Duttmann R (2007) Langfristeffekte von Winderosion auf leichten Böden Norddeutschlands - Auswirkungen und Ansätze zur ereignisbezogenen Quantifizierung. Mitt Dt Bodenkundl Gesellsch 110(2):667-668
2007Bach M, Duttmann R (2007) Long-term wind erosion on sandy soils in northern Germany and its impact on soil heterogeneity and productivity. In: Bunce R, Jongman R, Hojas L, Weel S (eds) 25 years of landscape ecology: scientific principles in practice. Proceedings of the 7th IALE world congress, Wageningen.
2007Schrader S, Anderson T-H, Tebbe C, Weigel H-J (2007) Monitoring von biologischer Vielfalt in Böden : Notwendigkeit, Ansätze und Fallbeispiele. Agrobiodiversität 27:196-213
2007Chauvat M, Wolters V, Dauber J (2007) Response of collembolan communities to land-use change and grassland succession. Ecography 30(2):183-192
2007Wellbrock N (2007) Strategy for estimating C stocks in German forest soils based on forest inventories - possibilities and limits. In: Jandl R, Olsson M (eds) Greenhouse-gas budget of soils under changing climate and land use (BurnOut). pp 99-102
2006Bach M, Duttmann R (2006) Anwendung der DIN 19706 zur Abschätzung der Bodenerosionsgefährdung durch Wind als Grundlage für eine nachhaltige Landnutzungsplanung. Mitt Dt Bodenkundl Gesellsch 108:59-60
2006Wellbrock N, Möller A, Schad P, Seidling W, König N, Utermann J, Baritz R, Holzhausen M (2006) Arbeitsmaterialien für die Bodenklassifikation nach World Reference Base (WRB 2006). Eberswalde: BFH, 122 p, Arbeitsber Inst Waldökol Waldinventuren 2006/2pdf document
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2006Wellbrock N, Aydin CT, Block J, Bussian B, Deckert M, Diekmann O, Evers J, Fetzer KD, Gauer J, Gehrmann J, Kölling C, König N, Liesebach M, Martin J, Meiwes KJ, Milbert G, Raben G, Riek W, Schäffer W, Wolff B, et al (2006) Bodenzustandserhebung im Wald (BZE II), Arbeitsanleitung für die Außenaufnahmen. Bonn: Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz, 431 p
2006Heise J, Höltge S, Schrader S, Kreuzig R (2006) Chemical and biological characterization of non-extractable sulfonamide residues in soil. Chemosphere 65:2352-2357, DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.04.084
2006Schrader S, Kiehne J, Anderson T-H, Paulsen HM, Rahmann G (2006) Development of Collembolans after conversion towards organic farming. Asp Appl Biol 79:181-185
2006Helfrich M, Ludwig B, Buurman P, Flessa H (2006) Effect of land use on the composition of soil organic matter in density and aggregate fractions as revealed by solid-state 13 C NMR spectroscopy. Geoderma 136(1-2):331-341, DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.03.048
2006Sticht C, Schrader S, Giesemann A, Weigel H-J (2006) Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 and N fertilization on abundance, diversity and C-isotopic signature of collembolan communities in arable soil. Appl Soil Ecol 34(2-3):219-229, DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2006.01.007
2006Zaitsev AS, Wolters V, Waldhardt R, Dauber J (2006) Long-term succession of oribatid mites after conversion of croplands to grasslands. Appl Soil Ecol 34(2-3):230-239, DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2006.01.005
2006Duttmann R, Bach M (2006) Long-term wind erosion processes and its impacts on soil heterogeneity in sandur plain landscapes in Northern Germany. Adv GeoEcol 38:309-319
2006Terhoeven-Urselmans T, Michel K, Helfrich M, Flessa H, Ludwig B (2006) Near-infrared spectroscopy can predict the composition of organic matter in soil and litter. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 169(2):168-174, DOI:10.1002/jpln.200521712
2006Yamashita T, Flessa H, John B, Helfrich M, Ludwig B (2006) Organic matter in density fractions of water-stable aggregates in silty soil: effect of land use. Soil Biol Biochem 38(11):3222-3234, DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.013
2006Jaquet P, Dauber J, Lagerlöf J, Lavelle P, Lepage M (2006) Soil invertebrates as ecosystem engineers: Intended and accidental effects on soil and feedback loops. Appl Soil Ecol 153(2):153-164, DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2005.07.004
2006Fleige H, Hartmann P, Duttmann R, Bach M, Gebhardt S, Horn R, Krüger K (2006) Soils of the sandur plain ("Lower Geest") in the Northwest of Schleswig-Holstein/Germany - The region of "Goldelund" as an example. SchrR Inst Pflanzenern Bodenk Univ Kiel 72:12-19
2006Dauber J, Rommeler A, Wolters V (2006) The ant Lasius flavus alters the viable seed bank in pastures. Eur J Soil Sci 42(Suppl.):157-163, doi:10.1016/j.ejsobi.2006.06.002
2006Wellbrock N, Hennig P, Volz HA, Bolte A (2006) Zweite bundesweite Bodenzustandserhebung im Wald beginnt. AFZ Wald 61(20):1117
2005Giesemann A (2005) Changes in soil C-isotopic composition in an agroecosystem under Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment (FACE) treatment during a crop rotation period. Rapid Comm Mass Spectrometry 19(11):1373-1380
2005Dauber J, Wolters V (2005) Colonization of temperate grassland by ants. Basic Appl Ecol 6(1):83-91, DOI:10.1016/j.baae.2004.09.011
2005Heise J, Heimbach U, Schrader S (2005) Influence of soil organic carbon on acute and chronic toxicity of plant protection products to Poecilus cupreus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) Larvae. J Soils Sediments 5(3):139-142, DOI:10.1065/jss2004.10.118
2005Dauber J, Purtauf T, Allspach A, Frisch J, Voigtländer K, Wolters V (2005) Local vs. landscape controls on diversity: a test using surface-dwelling soil macroinvertebrates of differing mobility. Global Ecol Biogeogr 14(3):213-221
2005Ludwig B, Helfrich M, Flessa H (2005) Modelling the long-term stabilization of carbon from maize in a silty soil. Plant Soil 278(1-2):315-325, DOI:10.1007/s11104-005-8808-2
2005Duttmann R, Herzig A, Bach M (2005) Prozessmodellierung in der Landschaftsökologie. Regio Basiliensis 46(1):49-58
2004Purtauf T, Dauber J, Wolters V (2004) Carabid communities in the spatio-temporal mosaic of a rural landscape. Landscape Urban Plann 67(1-4):185-193, doi:10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00038-0
2004Dauber J, Wolters V (2004) Edge effects on ant community structure and species richness in an agricultural landscape. Biodiv Conserv 13(5):901-915
2004Schrader S, Giesemann A, Weigel H-J (2004) Impact of atmospheric CO2 enrichment and N fertilisation on soil, soil fauna and crop analysed by stable isotope ratio techniques (13C and 15N). In: 14. International Colloquium on Soil Zoology and Ecology : Rouen, Frankreich, 30.08.-03.09.2004. p 286
2004Duttmann R, Fleige H, Horn R, Bach M (2004) Landschafts- und Bodenentwicklung im Raum Goldelund (Schleswiger Geest) unter Berücksichtigung der Winderosion. EcoSys Suppl 41:131-151
2004S¢e ARB, Giesemann A, Anderson T-H, Weigel H-J, Buchmann N (2004) Soil respiration under elevated CO2 and its partitioning into recently assimilated and older carbon sources. Plant Soil 262(1-2):85-94
2003Dauber J, Wolters V (2003) Ameisen als "soil engineers" in alten Ackerbrachen. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 87(328):315-319
2003Sticht C, Schrader S, Giesemann A, Larink O, Weigel H-J (2003) Collembolan biodiversity and C-isotopic composition in an agroecosystem as influenced through atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Verhandl Gesellsch Ökol 33: 412
2003Simmering D, Dauber J, Wolters V, Otte A (2003) Die Bedeutung von Ameisenbauten für die Vegetation von Besenginsterbrachen. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 87(328):409-416
2003Ekschmitt K, Stierhof T, Dauber J, Kreimes K, Wolters V (2003) On the quality of soil biodiversity indicators: abiotic and biotic parameters as predictors of soil faunal richness at different spatial scales. Agric Ecosyst Environ 98(1-3):273-2832003, DOI:10.1016/S0167-8809(03)00087-2
2002Wellbrock N, Riek W, Wolff B (2002) Integrierende Auswertung bundesweiter Waldzustandsdaten : Abschlußbericht zum Projekt: "Analyse des Beziehungsgefüges zwischen Waldzustandskenngrößen und natürlichen sowie anthropogenen Stressfaktoren auf der Basis bundesweiter Inventurdaten zu Ableitung von Massnahmeempfehlungen" (Projektphase II). Eberswalde: BFH, 112 p, Gemeinsamer Arbeitsber FHE Fachber Forstwirtsch Inst Forstökol Walderfass 2002/1pdf document
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2002Dauber J (2002) Nestabundanzen von Ameisen (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in städtischen Kleinstrukturen. Mainzer Naturwiss Arch Beih 22:285-293
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